Tahajjud Prayer – Salatul layl – Night Prayer

Question: What is Salaat ul Layl and is Tahaj’jud also Salaat ul Layl?

Answer: Salaat ul Layl is the night prayers that are performed late at night, usually in the third portion of the night. The Tahaj’jud
Salaah is one such type of Salaat ul Layl.
Question: What is the method of performing Tahaj’jud Salaah?
Answer: The method of performing Tahaj’jud Salaah is to sleep at
night then awaken (at night) and perform (these) Nawafil. [Raddul
Muhtar]
Question: What if a person prays it before sleeping?
Answer: Whatever is performed before sleeping is not counted as
Tahaj’jud. [Raddul Muhtar]
Question: How many Raka’ats of Tahaj’jud should be performed?
Answer: The minimum Raka’ats one may perform for Tahaj’jud is
two, and up to Eight Raka’ats are proven from Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم.
Question: Is there a special blessing for one who encourages his or
her family to perform Tahaj’jud Salaah?

Answer: Yes indeed. If one wakes up at night and then wakes his
family and they perform two Raka’ats of Namaaz, then they shall be
written amongst those who remembered Almighty Allah in
abundance. This is mentioned in a Hadith which has been reported
by Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hib’ban, Mustadrak, Munziri etc. [Raddul
Muhtar]
Question: Which portion of the night is it more virtuous to perform
Ibaadat in?
Answer: It is more virtuous for a person who wishes to sleep for
two-thirds of the night and then spend one-third of the night in
Ibaadat (worship), to sleep in the first portion and last portions of
the night; and he should remain awake in the middle portion of the
night. However, if he wishes to sleep for half the night and spend
half the night awake (in Ibaadat), the Ibaadat in the second half (of
the night) is more virtuous.
Question: Is there a reason for certain portions of the night being
more virtuous for Ibaadat than the other portions of the night?

Answer: It is reported from Hazrat Abu Hurairah that
Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Every night when the last third (portion) of
the night is remaining, Almighty Allah sends down His Special
Divine Manifestation on the sky above the earth, and He
announces, Is there anyone who needs to make Dua, so that I
may accept his Dua. (And) He says; Is there anyone seeking
forgiveness, that I may forgive him. [Sahih Bukhari, Sahih
Muslim]

It is reported in Bukhari and Muslim from Hazrat Abdullah ibn Umar
that Huzoor صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘From all the Namaaz, the one most
beloved to Almighty Allah is the Namaaz e Dawud; He
would sleep for half the night, and then perform Ibaadat for a
a third of the night, and then he would sleep in the sixth portion’.
[Raddul Muhtar vol.1 pg.641]
Question: Is it okay if a person who reads Tahaj’jud often misses it
out?
Answer: It is not a sin to miss it out, as it is Nafil, but It is Makruh,
i.e. disliked, for one who is habitual of performing Tahaj’jud Namaaz,
to omit it. It is mentioned in the Hadith of Sahih Bukhari and Muslim
etc. that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said to Hazrat Abdullah ibn Umar

Abdullah! Do not become like such and such person, who used to
wake at night (for Tahaj’jud), and then stopped doing this.
Question: Is it regarded virtuous to be consistent in performing
Tahaj’jud Salaah?
Answer: Indeed it is. It is reported in Bukhari Shareef and Muslim
Shareef that from all the A’maal, i.e. virtuous deeds, those most
beloved to Almighty Allah, are the ones who perform A’maal with
consistency, even if they are a little. [Raddul Muhtar]
Question: Many people stay awake on special nights like Shab e
Bara’at or the last ten nights of Ramadaan etc. is there any mention
of this?

Answer: To stay awake in Ibaadat and remembrance on the eves of
both Eids, the eve of the 15th of Sha’baan, and on the last ten nights
of Ramadaan, and on the nights of the first ten days of Zil-Hijjah is
Mustahab, i.e. desirable and recommended. [Durr e Mukhtar] Staying
awake on the nights of both Eids, means that one should perform the
Namaaz of Esha and Fajr with the first Jama’at.
Question: What is the special virtue in performing Fajr and Esha
with Jama’at, i.e. congregation?
Answer: It is reported in the Sahih Ahadith that, One who
performed the Namaaz of Esha with Jama’at, has been in Ibaadat for
half the night, and one who performed his Fajr with Jama’at (as well)
has spent the entire night in Ibaadat. However, if one stays awake for
the entire night on these virtuous nights, but by doing this he will
experience difficulty at the time of Namaaz and Qurbani etc. then
one should thus follow this (i.e. he should simply perform his Esha
and Fajr with Jama’at), and if staying awake does not hinder any of
his responsibilities (the following day), then for him to stay awake is
very virtuous.

[Raddul Muhtar]

Question: Is it also blessed on the virtuous nights, to perform other
Nafil Ibaadat as well, and to recite Tasbeehs, etc. or should one just
perform Tahaj’jud?
Answer: On these blessed nights, to perform Nafils alone, or to make
Tilaawat, i.e. to recite the Qur’an e Majeed, and to read or listen to
Hadith, and to recite Durood Shareef, is also regarded as staying

awake (in the remembrance of Allah), and it is not just staying awake
for no reason.

[Raddul Muhtar]

Question: Will performing Namaaz at night, i.e. Tahaj’jud, be a
means of entering Jannat?
Answer: Indeed, any virtuous deed performed with sincerity and
devotion and not for name and fame will be a means to Jannat. This
is evident from a Hadith which is reported from Hazrat Abdullah ibn
Salaam (radi allahu anhu) that when Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم arrived in Madina, a vast
a number of people presented themselves in His صلى الله عليه وسلم Holy presence. I
too presented myself, and when I observed the Sacred Face of
Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم carefully, I recognized that this Sacred Face is not the
The face of a liar. The first words which I heard from Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم
were, ‘O People! Make the conveying of Salaam common
(amongst you), and feed the people, and keep good ties with
your relatives, and perform Namaaz at night when the people
are asleep, and you will enter Jannat with peace’.

[Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Haakim]
It is reported from Hazrat Abdullah ibn Umar
that
Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘There is an upper level in Jannat, and it’s inside
can be seen from the outside, and the outside can be seen from
inside. Hazrat Abu Malik Al-Ash’ari (radi allahu anhu) enquired, ‘Ya Rasool’Allah
صلى الله عليه وسلم!For whom is it?’ The Beloved Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘For the one who
speaks words of goodness, and feeds the people and remains
standing (in worship) at night when the people are asleep.

[Tabrani, Haakim]

Question: It is indeed virtuous to make Ibaadat at night, after
praying your Tahaj’jud. Is it also a time for Dua?
Answer: It is indeed a time for Dua. It is in reported from Hazrat
Jabir (radi allahu anhu) that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘There is a (special) time at
night, wherein whatever a believer asks from Allah, from the
the goodness of this world and the hereafter, Allah will give it to
he and this (special) time come every night’. [Sahih Muslim]
Question: Was performing Tahaj’jud and spending nights in Ibaadat
also the manner of the pious predecessors?
Answer: It is reported from Hazrat Abu Umama Baahili(radi allahu anhu) that
Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Make Qiyaam ul Layl (i.e. standing in
worship at night) necessary upon you, as this is the manner of
the pious predecessors, and it is a means of you attaining
closeness to your Creator, and it is that which wipes away sins
and protects you from wrongdoings’. [Tirmizi]
Question: What are the benefits of waking up for Tahaj’jud and
spending a portion of the night in Ibaadat, i.e. in worshipping Allah?
Answer: There are numerous blessings and benefits in this, both
spiritual and physical. There is also a narration from Hazrat Salman
Farsi (radi allahu anhu) in which it is reported that doing this removes the
illnesses of the body.

Question: Is there any special Dua mentioned which should be read
when one wakes up for Ibaadat at night?
Answer: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Hazrat Ubadah bin Saamit
that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘One who wakes up at night and then reads
this Dua, then whatever Dua he makes will be accepted, and if one
performs (fresh and proper) Wudu and performs Namaaz, his
Namaaz will be accepted:

Laa ilaaha il’l-Allahu Wahdahu Laa Shareeka Lahu Lahul Mulku
Wal Lahul Hamdu Wa Huwa ‘Alaa Kul-li Shay-in Qadeerun Wa
Subhaan-Allahi Wal Hamdu Lillahi Wa Laa Ilaaha il’l-Allahu
Wallahu Akbar, Wa Laa Hawla Wa Laa Quw’wata il-la Bil-Allah,
Rab-bigh Firlee
It is reported in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim from Hazrat
Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) that when Nabi Kareem صلى الله عليه وسلم would rise for
Tahaj’jud at night, He صلى الله عليه وسلم would recite this Dua:

Allahum-ma Lakal Hamdu Anta Qay’yimus Samawaati Wal Ardi
Wa Man Feehin-na Wa Lakal Hamdu Anta Noorus Samawaati wal
Ardi Wa Man Feehin-na Wa Lakal Hamdu Anta Malikul
Samawaati wal Ardi Wa Man Feehin-na Wa Lakal Hamdu Antal
Haq’qu wa Wa’dukal Haq-qu Wa Liqa-uka Haq’qun Wal Jannatu
Wan-Naaru Haq’quw Wan Nabiy’yoona Haq’quw Wa
Muhammadun Haq’quw Was Saa’atu Haq’qun

Allahum-ma Laka Aslamtu Wa Bika Aamantu Wa ‘Alayka Tawakkaltu Wa Ilayka Anabtu Wa Bika Khaasamtu Wa Ilayka Haakamtu
Fagh-Firlee Ma Qad’damtu Wa Ma Akh-khartu Wa Ma Asrartu Wa
Ma A’lantu Wa Ma Anta A’lamu Bihi Min-ni, Antal Muqad-dimu
Wa Antal Mu’akh-khiru, Laa Ilaaha Il’la Anta Wa Laa Ilaaha
Ghayruka
Question: Indeed, the performing of Tahaj’jud and sincere Ibaadat
will benefit one even in his grave and in the hereafter. Is there any
mention of this anywhere?

Answer: There are numerous discussions regarding this. Indeed, the
one who performs Tahaj’jud and other Ibaadat with sincerity and
devotion will receive blessing in his or her grave.
Imam Jalaalud’deen Suyuti (radi allahu anhu) says in Sharhus Sudoor that, it is
mentioned in Ar Raudur Rayaheen of Sayyiduna Imam Yaafa’i (radi allahu anhu)
from Hazrat Shaqeeq Balkhi radi allahu anhu that, I searched for five things,
which I found in five things:
• Abstaining from sin by virtue of the Chasht Namaaz
• The light of the grave, in performing Tahaj’jud
• The answers to Munkar and Nakeer in the recitation of
the Holy Qur’an
• The crossing of Pul Siraat, in Fasting and Sadaqa
• The Shade of the Arsh, by remaining in Solitude

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