Importance of Zakat, Types and Benefits

 

Almighty Allah says,

ﻘ ۡﻮنۙ

ﻳُ ۡﻨﻔ ۡ�

ٰﻨ رزﻗْ

وﻣ َﻤﺎ

 

 

‘And from the sustenance which We have given them, (They) spend in Our Way.’ [Surah Al Baqarah (2), Verse 3]

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

 

 ْ� ؕ ۡﻴ

ﺑﻬﺎ وﺻ ّﻞ > ۡ�

َﺰ ِ� ۡﻴ ﻫﻢ وﺗُ

ِﻬﺮ

ْ� ﺻﺪﻗَﺔ ﺗُ َﻄ ﻣ ٰﻮﻟِ

ﺧﺬ ﻣﻦ اَ

 

ﻊ ﻋﻠ ۡﻴﻢ

ﺳﻤ ۡﻴ

واﷲُ

ؕ �ْ

ّﻟَ ﻜﻦ

ﺻﻠٰﻮﺗَﻚ ﺳ

ا َن

 

 

‘(O Beloved)! Take from their wealth Zakaat (charity), by which you may purify them and cleanse them; and make good Dua for them; undoubtedly, your Dua (prayers) is the tranquillity of their hearts. And Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.’ [Surah Tauba (9), Verse 103]

 

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

ن

ۡﻮ ﻓﻌﻠُ

�ﻮ ِۃ

ﻟِﻠ ّﺰ ﻫﻢ

وا َّ ِ�ﻳۡﻦ

 

 

‘And those, who duly pay the Zakaat’ [Surah Al Mu’minoon (23), Verse 4]

 

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

ۡ َﲔ

اﻟ ّٰﺮ ِز ِﻗ ﺧ ۡ ُﲑ

و ﻫﻮ

ﺨﻠﻔﻪ ۚ

ﻮ ﻳُ

ﻓَﻬ ۡ� ٍء

ﻣ ۡﻦ

ُﺘ ۡﻢ ﻘ

و ﻣﺎۤ َاﻧۡ َﻔ

 

 

‘And whatever you spend in the Way of Allah, He will give (you) more in exchange for it; And He is the Greatest Sustainer.’

[Surah Saba (34), Verse 39]

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

ﻧ�ﺒﺘﺖ ﺳﺒﻊ

ﺣ َﺒﺔ ﻛﻤﺜﻞ

ﻞ اﷲ

ْ� ۡﰲ ﺳﺒ ۡﻴ

ﻣ ٰﻮﻟَ

ۡﻮن اَ ﻘ

ﻦ ﻳُ ۡﻨﻔ

ا َّ ِ�ﻳۡ ﻣﺜﻞ

 

ﺸﺂءؕ واﷲُ

ﻳُﻀﻌﻒ ﻟِﻤ ۡﻦ � َّ واﷲُ

َﺒﺔؕ ﺣ

ﻣﺎﺋَﺔ ﺳﻨﺒ�ٍ

ّﻞ ﻛ

ﺳﻨﺎ ِﺑﻞ ﰲۡ

 

ﻳُ ْﺘﺒﻌ ۡﻮن ﻻٌ

اﷲ ﺛُ َﻢ ﺳﺒ ۡﻴﻞ

ْ� ﰲۡ

ٰﻮﻟَ ن اَﻣ

ﻘ ۡﻮ

ﻦ ﻳُ ۡﻨﻔ

َّ ۤ ِ�ﻳۡ ﻢ﴿۱۶۲﴾ اَ

و ِۤﺳﻊ ﻋﻠ ۡﻴ

 

ْ� ۡﻴ

ۤ

ﺧﻮف >

و َﻻ

ْ�ۚ

ﺟﺮﻫﻢ ﻋ ۡﻨﺪ ر ِّﺑ

اَ ْ�

اَذًیۙ َ َو َﻻ

ﻣﻨﺎ

اَﻧۡ َﻔﻘ ۡﻮا ﻣﺎ

 

ﺒ ﻬﺎ

ﺻﺪﻗَﺔ َﻳﺘ

ﻣ ۡﻦ

ٌﲑ ﺧ ۡ

ف َوﻣﻐﻔﺮۃٌ

ﺮ ْو

َﻣﻌ

ﻗَ ْﻮل ن﴿۲۶۲﴾

َﺰﻧُ ۡﻮ ﺤ

ﻳَ ﻫﻢ

و َﻻ

 

ﺣﻠ ۡﻴﻢ﴿۳۶۲﴾

ِ ٌّ� ﻏ

واﷲُ

اَذًیؕ

 

 

‘An example of those, who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, is like that seed, from which grew seven shoots, and in every shoot are hundred seeds; And Allah may increase it even more than this, for whomsoever He Wills; And Allah is Most Resourceful, All Knowing. Those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, and after spending it, neither do they show favour, nor cause discomfort; their reward is with their Rub; and neither will they face any fear, nor shall they grieve. To speak with kindness and to forgive, is better than that

 

 

charity, which is followed by maltreatment; and Allah is All Supreme, Most Forbearing.’ [Surah Baqarah (2), Verse 261-263]

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

ﻓَ ِﺎ َن ۡ� ٍء

ﻣ ۡﻦ

ﻘ ۡﻮا

وﻣﺎ ﺗُ ۡﻨﻔ

� ۡﻮن

ﺗُﺤ ُﺒ ﻣ َﻤﺎ

ﻘ ۡﻮا

ّٰ� ﺗُ ۡﻨﻔ ﺣ

اﻟْ ِ َّﱪ ﻨﺎﻟُﻮا

ﻟَ ۡﻦ ﺗَ

 

ﻢ﴿۲۹﴾

ﻋﻠ ۡﻴ

ﺑ ٖﻪ

اﷲَ

 

 

‘You can never achieve true virtue until you do not spend the things most cherished to you, in the way of Allah; And Allah is (All) Aware of all which you spend.’ [Surah Aal e Imraan, Verse 92]

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

َﻦ اﻟْ ِ َّﱪ ب وﻟٰﻜ

ﻤﻐﺮ

واﻟْ

ﺸﺮق

اﻟْﻤ ﺒﻞ

ﻫﻜﻢ

ّﻟُ ۡﻮا وﺟ ۡﻮ ۡن ﺗُ َﻮ

اﻟْ ِ َّﱪ اَ ﻟَ�ۡﺲ

 

ٖ ّ َﲔۚ و ٰا� ﺐ و اﻟ َﻨﺒ

ﻜ ٰﺘ

و اﻟْ ﻜﺔ

اﻟْﻤﻠ � ِ� ﺧﺮ و

ِم ا ۡ ٰﻻ ﻴﻮ

ﷲ واﻟْ

ﻣﻦ ٰاﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ

 

ﻦ اﻟ َﺴﺒ ۡﻴﻞۙ

و اﺑْ

اﻟْﻤﺴﻜ ۡ َﲔ و

ٰﻤﻲ ﻴ ٰﺘ

اﻟْﻘ ْﺮ� و اﻟْ ِوی

ٖﻪ ﺣ ِﺒ

اﻟْﻤﺎل ﻋ�

 

واﻟْﻤ ۡﻮﻓُ ۡﻮن

�ﻮ َۃۚ

اﻟ َّﺰ �

و ٰا

م اﻟ َﺼﻠﻮ َۃ

و َاﻗَﺎ بۚ

اﻟ ّ ِﺮﻗَﺎ و ﰲ

َﲔ ۡ

واﻟ َﺴﺂ ِ�ﻠ

 

ۡ َﲔ وﺣ

ِء َﻀ َّﺮآ

واﻟ

ﰲ اﻟْﺒﺎۡﺳﺂء

ّﺼ ِﱪﻳۡﻦ واﻟ

ﻋﻬﺪ ۡواۚ

ﺑﻌ ۡﻬﺪﻫﻢ ا ا

 

ن﴿۷۷۱﴾

ﻘ ۡﻮ

اﻟْﻤ َﺘ ﻫﻢ

و اُوﻟ � ِ�ﻚ ﺻﺪﻗُ ۡﻮاؕ

ِ�ﻳۡﻦ ﻚ اَّ

اُوﻟ � ِ� ﺒﺎۡ ِسؕ

اﻟْ

 

 

‘It is not real virtue, to simply turn (your) faces towards the East or the West. Indeed, real virtue is to bring Imaan (Believe) in Allah, and the Last Day, and in the Angels, and Divine Books, and in the Prophets;

 

 

and in the love of Allah, to give your cherished wealth, to (your) relatives, to the orphans and to the destitute, and to the traveller, and to the mendicants; and to free slaves; and to keep Namaaz well established, and to pay Zakaat; and those who keep to their word, when they make a promise; and those who are patient in times of calamity and adversity, and during Holy War; These are those, who have truly kept to their word, and is they who are the (truly) pious.’ [Surah Al Baqarah (2), Verse 177]

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

ؕ �ْ

ًﲑا َ ﺧ ۡ

َﻮ ْ ﻫ �ٖ           ﻀ

اﷲُ ﻣ ۡﻦ ﻓَ �ُ

ۤ ٰا ٰﺗى ن ﺑﻤﺎ

ْﺒﺨﻠُ ۡﻮ ﻦ ﻳَ

ا َّ ِ�ﻳۡ ﺤﺴ َّﱭ

و َﻻ ﻳَ

 

ﻤﺔ ؕ

اﻟﻘ ٰﻴ ﻮم

ﺑ ٖﻪ ﻳَ ﺨﻠُ ۡﻮا

ﻣﺎ ﺑَ

َﻮﻗُ ۡﻮن ﻄ

ْ� ؕ ﺳ

ﺑَﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺷ ٌّﺮ ّﻟَ

 

 

‘And those who are miserly in that, which Allah has bestowed upon them by His Grace, should never regard this as good for them; but it is detrimental for them. Soon, that in which they were miserly will become the noose around their necks on the Day of Qiyaamat.’ [Surah Aal e Imran (3), Verse 180]

 

Almighty Allah says,

 

 

ۡﻮن ﻛﻠُ

ﻴﺎۡ

ُّﺮ ۡﻫﺒﺎ ِن ﻟَ و اﻟ

ا ۡﻻَﺣﺒﺎ ِر ﻣﻦ

ۡ ًﲑا ﻛﺜ

ا َن ۡۤﻮا

ا َّ ِ�ﻳۡﻦ اﻣ ﻬﺎ

ّﻳُ ﻳ�ﺎَ

 

ﻜﻨﺰ ۡون

َّ ِ�ﻳۡﻦ ﻳَ ﷲ ؕ وا

ﺳﺒ ۡﻴﻞ ا

ﺼ ُﺪ ۡون ﻋ ۡﻦ

وﻳَ ﻄﻞ

ﺑﺎﻟْ ٰﺒ َﻨﺎس

اَﻣ ٰﻮل اﻟ

 

ﺑﻌﺬاب

ِﺸ ْﺮﻫ ۡﻢ ﷲ ۙ ﻓَ�َ

ﺳﺒ ۡﻴﻞ ا

ﻬﺎ  ۡﰲ

ۡﻮﻧَ ﻘ

و َﻻ ﻳُ ۡﻨﻔ

واﻟْﻔ َﻀﺔ

ا َ�ﻫﺐ

 

ﺟﺒﺎﻫ  ْ� ﺑﻬﺎ

ﻜ ٰﻮی

ِرﺟﻬ َﻨﻢ ﻓَﺘ ۡﰲ َﻧﺎ

ۡﻴﻬﺎ

ﻳُﺤ ٰﻤﻲ > َﻳﻮم

ۡﻴ ٍﻢ ﴿۴۳ۙ﴾ اَﻟِ

 

ﻓَﺬ ۡوﻗُ ۡﻮا ﻜﻢ

ﻻَﻧۡﻔﺴ

ْﺰﺗُﻢ ﻣﺎﻛﻨ

ﻫﺬا

وﺟ ۡﻮﺑُ ْ� وﻇﻬ ۡﻮرﻫﻢ ؕ

 

ﺘﻢ ﺗَﻜﻨﺰ ۡون ﴿۵۳﴾

ﻣﺎﻛ ۡﻨ

 

 

‘O you who Believe (i.e. O Believers)! Certainly many rabbis and monks, wrongfully usurp the wealth of the people, and hold them back from the way of Allah; and (as) for those who count and hoard gold and silver, and do not spend it the Way of Allah, give them the suitable news, of an excruciating punishment. The day when it will be (intensely) heated in the fire of hell; Then with it, their foreheads, their sides, and their back backs will be branded. This is what you hoarded for yourselves, (so) now relish the taste of your hoarding.’ [Surah Tauba (9), Verse 34-35]

 

The importance and excellence of Zakaat can be understood from the numerous verses (injunctions), which have been cited in this discussion.

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