Guide to perform your salaah

 


beliefs as per the true tenets of the Ahle Sunnat Wal Jama’at, Namaaz
is regarded as the most essential and exalted Fard (obligatory act) of
all Fard actions.
The Holy Qur’an and the Ahadith of the Beloved Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلم announces
and presents the splendour and excellence of Namaaz (Salaah). The
Qur’an and Ahadith regularly emphasise the importance and
excellence of Namaaz, and strict caution and warning (of
chastisement) is for those who omit it (Namaaz).
It must be noted that:
 Namaaz is Fard-e-Ain (i.e. an individual obligation) upon
every Mukal’laf (responsible and accountable) person.
 Namaaz is Fard on every person who is Aaqil (sensible/of
sane mind) and Baaligh (i.e. one who has reached the age
of puberty).
 One who rejects Namaaz to be Fard (obligatory) is a kaafir
(infidel).
 One who intentionally omits it even once, is a Faasiq
(transgressor).
7
Regarding Namaaz Almighty Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:
َۙ
﴿
َّ
ۡ
ِّقی
َّ
ت
ُ
م
ْ
یل ِّل
ً
د
ُ
َّ ہ ۲﴾
وۃ
َّصلٰ
ال
َّ
ن
و ۡ
ُ
م
ۡ
ِّقی
ُ
ی
َّ
ِّبو
ۡ
ی
َّ
غ
ْ
ِّبال
َّ
ن
و ۡ
ُ
ِّمن
ْ
ؤ
ُ
ی
َّ
ن
ۡ
ا َِّّّلی
َۙ
﴿
َّ
ن
و ۡ
ُ
ِّفق
ۡ
ن
ُ
ی
ُہۡ
ُ
نٰ
ْ
ق
َّ
ز
َّ
ا ر
َّ
ِّمم
َّ
و ۳﴾
Therein is Guidance for those who fear (Allah). Those who believe
without seeing, and who keep Namaaz well-established, and
(who) spend in Our way from the sustenance which We have given
them. [Surah Al-Baqarah (2), Verses 2-3]
Almighty Allah says:
﴿
َّ
ۡ
ِّکِّعی
ٰ

الر
َّ
ع
َّ
ا م
و ۡ
ُ
َّکع
ْ
ار
َّ
َّ و
وۃ
ٰ
َّک
واالز
ُ
ت
ٰ
ا
َّ
َّ و
وۃ
َّصلٰ
وا ال
ُ
م
ۡ
َِّّقی
ا
َّ
و ۳۳﴾
And keep Namaaz (obligatory Prayer) well-established, and pay
Zakaat (obligatory charity), and bow down (make Ruku) with
those who bow down. [Surah Al-Baqarah (2), Verse 43]
Regarding those who leave their Salaah Almighty Allah says:
َۙ
﴿
َّ
ۡ
ِّ لی
َّ
ص
ُ
م
ْ
ل ِّل
ٌ
ل
ۡ
ی
َّ
َّو
َۙ
ف ۳﴿
َّ
ن
و ۡ
ُ
اہ
َّ
س
ََّلِّتُِّہْ
َّ
ص
نۡ
َّ
ع
مْ
ُ
ہ
َّ
ن
ۡ
﴾ا َِّّّلی ۵﴾
‘So, affliction unto those worshippers, who are neglectful of their
Namaaz.’ [Surah 107, Verses 4-5]
8
‘Wail’ is an abyss in the depths of Hell, which Hell itself dreads and
from the intensity of which, Hell itself asks deliverance from. Those
who intentionally delay their Namaaz causing the time to expire (i.e.
become Qaza), will be deserving of it.
The importance and virtues of Namaaz have also been mentioned in
the Hadith Shareef. For the sake of blessings only a few Ahadith are
being presented here.
It is reported from Ibn Umar عنهما تعالى اهلل رضى that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘The
foundation of Islam is established on 5 Pillars:
1. To bear testimony that there is none truly worthy of worship
besides Allah and Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is the chosen servant and
Prophet of Allah.
2. To establish Namaaz
3. To give Zakaat
4. To perform Hajj
5. To Fast in the month of Ramadan. [Sahih Bukhari, Muslim,
Mishkaat]

Hazrat Mu’az ؓ says, ‘I asked the Beloved Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلم to inform me
regarding that practice which will take me into Jannat and save me
from Hell. He صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Worship Allah and do not associate any partner
with Him, and establish Namaaz and give Zakaat, and Fast in the
month of Ramadan, and make Hajj of Baitullah (Kaa’ba).’ [Imam
Ahmed, Tirmizi, Ibn Majah]
9
It is narrated from Hazrat Jaabir ؓ that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Namaaz
is the Key to Paradise, and Tahaarat (purification) is the Key to
Namaaz.’ [Sahih Muslim]
It is reported from Hazrat Abu Sa’eed ؓ that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid, ‘One
who intentionally leaves out his Namaaz, has his name written on the
door of hell.’ [Abu Nu’aim]
Hazrat Ali ؓ reported that Nabi Kareem صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘When a Momin
passes away, then the place on which he performed Namaaz weeps
over him and the place through which his deeds ascended into the sky
weeps over him. He then recited this verse

لَی
َ
ْت ع
َک
َ
ا ب
َ
ْ ُض ف ه َم
اْْلَر
َ
و
ُ
ٓاء
َ
َم

الس
ُ
‘. م
[Sharhus Sudoor]
Hazrat Thaubaan ؓreported that Rasoolullah ؓsaid, ‘When a Momin
passes away, his Namaaz appears at his head-side, his Sadaqa appears
on his right and his fast (Saum) appears towards his chest.’ [Sharhus
Sudoor]
10
IMPORTANT NOTE
Nowadays, many people take Namaaz lightly and do not pay attention
to whom they perform their Salaah behind. Namaaz should only be
performed behind Sunni Sahihul Aqida.
We should not perform Namaaz behind any deviant sects, i.e.
budmazhabs such as wahabi etc. as they are not real Muslims and
Namaaz will not be fulfilled behind them.
We must keep away from deviants as our pious predecessors
commanded us to do so, based on the connotations of the Hadith
Shareef.
We have also seen of late that these are the same deviants involved in
acts of terrorism and extremism.
It has been mentioned in the Hadith that we should stay away from
these deviants, as the Hadith clearly mentions that their company is
destructive to us. It is for this reason that our Akaabireen have warned
us against them.
Sayyidi Aala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan ؓ was asked about the
association with budmazhabs (deviants). He was asked, ‘Some people
knowingly sit and associate with the misled. What is the ruling
concerning them?’
11
He answered,
‘It is Haraam and dangerous. There is an enormous risk of becoming
misled. To keep friendship with the misled is even more dangerous and
destructive. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Stay away from them (i.e.
the deviants) and keep them far away from you, so that they may not
cause you to be misguided or plunged into corruption.’ [Al-Malfooz]
It must be noted that the same applies when the Imam is a deviant, as
this is the worst form of association with deviants. Sayyidi Aala Hazrat
ؓ says regarding association with the deviants,
‘Keeping their company is akin to a venomous cobra, and both of these,
we absolutely resent.’ [Fatawa Razviyah]
12
The Correct Way To Perform Namaaz
When commencing Namaaz one must:
Stand upright with a space of (about) four fingers between both feet.
Raise both hands up to the ears, allowing the thumbs to touch the
earlobes. The fingers should neither be completely joined together
and nor should they be widely spread out, but should remain in its
normal way, and the palms of the hand should face the Qibla.
One should then make the Niyyat (i.e. intention for the particular
Salaah such as by saying, I have intended for two Raka’at Fard or
Sunnat etc. of Fajr Namaaz etc., For Allah, Facing the direction of the
Holy Kaa’ba) and proclaim the Takbeer e Tahreema by saying,
ْکبَر
اَهللُاَ
Allahu Akbar
Allah is the Greatest (i.e. The Most Supreme)
One should then bring the hands down and tie the hands below the
naval in a manner whereby the stomach (palm) of the right hand is on
the main section of the wrist of the left hand, and the middle three
fingers should be on the back (i.e. upper section) of the wrist (hand)
and the thumb and little finger should be on either sides (i.e.
grasping).
13
Thereafter recite the Thana,
ُ َک
َهغَير
َلَ
َالَاِ
د َکو
ُّ
ی َج
ٰ
ال
َ
َتع
َ
ُ َکو
ْسم
َر َکا
ا
َ
َتب
َ
ِد َکو
ْ
ِ َحم
ب
َ
مو
َّ
ُ
ْ َحانَ َکال ّٰله
ُسب
Subnaak-Allah Hum-ma wa Bi Hamdika Wa Tabaarakasmuka
Wa Ta ‘Aala Jad-duka wa Laa ilaaha Ghayruka
All Divine Magnificence be to Allah, and All Praise is for Allah; Your
Name is the Most Sanctified, Your Majesty is Most Exalted, and there
is none worthy of worship except You.
Then recite the Ta’awuz,
ر ِجيِم
ِنالَّ
ٰط
َّشي
َنال
ِاهللِ ِم
ْذُب
اَعُو
A’oodhu Bil-laahi minash shaitaanir rajeem
I seek refuge in Allah, from shaitaan the accursed
Thereafter recite the Tasmiyah,
رحِيم
ٰ ِنالَّ
ْحم
ر
ِ ْسِمالّلهِالَّ
ب
Bismillahir Rahmaan-nir Raheem
Allah, in Whose Name (we) begin, The Compassionate, Most Merciful
14
Then recite the Alhamdu Surah (Surah Faateha) and at the end of it
say ‘Aameen’ softly.
َۙ
﴿
َّ
ۡ
َِّّمی
ل
ٰ
ع
ْ
ِّبال
َّ
ِّ ِّلِلر
ُ
د
ْ
م
َّ
ح
ۡ
َّل
َۙ
ِّم ا ۱﴿ ﴾
ۡ
ِّحی
َّ
الر
ِّ
من
ٰ
حْ
َّ
م الر ۲ِّ ﴾ل ِّک
ٰ
ِؕ
﴿
ِّ
ن
ۡ
ِّی

ِّم ال
وْ
َّ
ِؕ
ی ۳﴿ ﴾
ُ
ۡ
ِّعی
َّ
ت
َّسْ
ن
َّ
اک
َّ
ِّای
َّ
و
ُ
د
ُ
ب
ْ
ع
َّ
ن
َّ
اک
َّ
ِّای ۳ ﴾ا
َّ
ِّد ن
ۡ
ِّاہ
َۙ
﴿
َّ
م
ۡ
ِّقی
َّ
ت
ُس ۡ
م
ۡ
ال
َّ
رط
صِّ ٰ
ال ۵ۡ۬ ﴾
ُِّہۡ
ۡ
َّی
ل
َّ
ع
َّ
ت
ۡ
م
َّ
ع
ۡ
َّن
ا
َّ
ن
ۡ
ا َِّّّلی
َّ
رط
ِّص ٰ
٪
﴿
َّ
ۡ
َّضٓال ِّی
ََّلال
َّ
و
ُِّہْ
ۡ
َّی
ل
َّ
ِّبع
ضو ۡ
ُ
ۡ
غ
َّ
م
ۡ
ِّ ال
ۡ
َّۡی
غ ۷﴾
Thereafter recite any Surah or three Ayats (verses) or one verse that
is equal to three verses (in length).
Now saying,
ْکبَر
اَهللُاَ
Allahu Akbar
Allah is the Greatest (i.e. The Most Supreme)
15
Proceed to Ruku (bowing position) and grasp the knees with the
hands, in a manner whereby the palms are placed on the knees with
the fingers well spread out. It should not be in a manner where all the
fingers are placed on one side; or that four fingers are placed on one
side and only the thumb is placed on the other side. The back should
be flat and the head should be in line with the back and not high or
low.
Now, while in this position one should say at least thrice,
ِْم
ِظي
َ
اْلع
َ
َن َربِّی
ْ َحا
ُسب
Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem
Glory be to Our Sustainer, The Most High
Then while saying,
َ ْن َحمِ َده
َسمِ َعاهللُلِم
Sami’ Allahu Li-man Hamidah
Allah listens to the one who praises Him
16
One should stand up straight and if he is a Munfarid (one reading
Namaaz individually, i.e. by himself), he should say:
ْد
َحم
َکاْل
َل
َ
َناو
َّ
م َرب
َّ
ُ
ه
َّ
اَلل
Allahum-ma Rab-bana wa Lakal Hamd
O’ Allah, our Sustainer! All praise is for You alone
Thereafter, say Allahu Akbar and go into Sajdah (prostration), in a
manner whereby you first place your knees onto the ground followed
by the hands.
You should then place the head (on the ground) between both hands.
It should not be done in a manner whereby only the forehead and the
tip of the nose touch the ground, but you should firmly plant the
forehead and the bone of the nose on the ground.
The hands should be kept away from the sides. The stomach should be
kept away from the thighs and the thighs should be kept away from
the shin (in other words, there should be a gap between each of these
limbs and they should not be against one another), and the stomach
of all the toes of both feet should be firmly on the ground facing the
Qibla direction.
17
The palms should be flat on the ground, the fingers should face the
Qibla and in this position, one should say at least thrice:
ی
ٰ
َن َرب ِّیاالَْعل
ْ َحا
ُسب
Subhaana Rab-biyal Aala
Glory be to Allah, The Most Exalted
One should then raise the head (from Sajdah) and then the hands. One
should sit in the manner whereby the right foot is upright, in such a
manner that the toes are facing the Qibla, and in doing so, place the
left foot flat on the ground, and sit upright on it, and place the palms
on the lap (thighs) near the knees, so that the fingers of both hands
are facing the Qibla.
Then say Allahu Akbar and (once again) go into Sajdah and perform
the Sajdah in the same manner.
Thereafter, raise the head (as this will complete the first Raka’at).
Then, by placing the hands on the knees, stand up by rising using the
tip of the feet, for the second Raka’at.
Now (once standing) recite Bismillahir Rahmaan-nir Raheem, and
Surah Faateha followed by Qira’at, i.e. a Surah, or (minimum) three
verses, or one long verse which is equal to three verses. Then perform
Ruku and Sujood in the same manner as mentioned earlier.
18
Now sit with the right foot upright and the left foot placed flat on the
ground (i.e. by sitting on it) and recite,
ا ُت
َ
الَّطيِب
َ
ا ُتو
ٰ
ص َلو
الَّ
َ
يا ُتِهّٰلِلو
َّ
ت ِح
َّ
اَل
َ
ُةاهللِو
َ
َ َرْحم
و
ُّ
نِبى
ا الَّ
َ
ه
ُّ
ْ َکاَي
اَل َّسالُم َع َلي
رک َاتُه
َ
’ اهللُ
ب
َّ
ٰ َهاِال
ُد اَ ْن الَ اِل
َ
َن اَ ْشه
صالِِحيْ
ادِ اهللِ الَّ
َ
یعِب
ٰ
َعل
َ
اَل َّسالُم َع َلْي َنا و
ُده
ْ
َعب
م ًدا
َّ
ن ُم َح
ُداَ َّ
َ
اَ ْشه
’ لُه َ
و
ْ
َ ُر ُسو

و
At Tahiy-yaatu Lil-Laahi Was-Salawaatu Wat-Tay-yibaatu Assalaamu Alaika Ay-yuhan Nabiy-yu Wa Rahmatul-laahi wa
Barakaatuhu. As-salaamu Alaina Wa ‘Alaa ‘Ibaadil-laahis
Saaliheen. Ash-hadu Al-Laa ilaaha il’l-Allahu Wa Ash-hadu An-na
Muhammadan Abduhu Wa Rasooluhu
All veneration, worship and Glory is for Allah. Peace be upon you O’
(Beloved) Nabiصلى الله عليه وسلم !And the Mercy of Allah, and His Divine Grace. Peace
be upon us and upon all the virtuous servants of Allah. I bear witness
that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and I bear witness
that (Hazrat) Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is His (most) Chosen Servant and His
(Most Beloved) Rasool.
When reciting the At-tahiyaat, do not add or subtract any words to it.
This is also known as the Tashahud. When you are close to saying
‘Laa’ in the Kalima, make a circular form with the middle finger and
the thumb of the right hand and join the little finger and the fingers
close to it, and bring them to the palm (like a clinched fist) and on the
word ‘Laa’raise the Shahaadat finger (i.e. the index finger), but do not
19
shake it (or move it around), and drop the finger at the word ‘il’la’ and
immediately straighten all the fingers. If one intends to perform more
than two Raka’ats, then stand up and follow the same manner (as
explained for a 2 Raka’at Namaaz). However, it is not necessary to join
a Surah in the second two Raka’ats of a (four Raka’at) Fard Namaaz.
Now, in the final Qa’da (i.e. sitting) wherein you are going to complete
your Namaaz, you should recite Durood e Ibraheem Shareef after the
Tashahud:
َسِّي ِدنَا
ی
ٰ
ْ َت َعل
ي
َّ
َصل
ا
َ
م ٍد َکم
َّ
ِل َسِّي ِدنَا ُم َح
یٰا
ٰ
و َعل
م ٍدَّ
َّ
َسِّي ِدنَا ُم َح
ی
ٰ
َص ِّل َعل
م
َّ
ُ
اَل ّٰله
د
ٌْ
مجِي
َّ
د
ٌْ
َک َحمِي
َّ
اِن
َ
ْم
اهِي
َ
ْر
ِل َسِّي ِدنَااِب
یٰا
ٰ
َعل
َ
َو
ْم
اهِي
َ
ْر
اِب
Allahum-ma Sal-le ‘Alaa Sayyidina Muhammadiw Wa ‘Alaa Aali
Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Sal-layta ‘Alaa Sayyidina
Ibraheema Wa ‘Alaa Aali Sayyidina Ibraheema In-naka
Hameedum-Majeed
O’ Allah! (You) send Durood upon our Master (Hazrat) Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم
and the Descendants of (Hazrat) Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم as You sent Durood
upon our Master (Hazrat) Ibrahim االسلم ہیلع and the (blessed)
Descendants of (Hazrat) Ibrahim االسلم ہیلع .Indeed, You are the Most
Praised, Most Glorified.
20
ِل َسِّي ِدنَا
یٰا
ٰ
و َعل
م ٍد َّ
َّ
َسِّي ِدنَا ُم َح
ی
ٰ
َارِ ْک َعل
مب
َّ
اَل ّٰله ی ُ
ٰ
َرْک َت َعل
َا
ا ب
َ
م ٍد َکم
َّ
ُم َح
د
ٌ
مجِي
َّ
د
ٌْ
َک َحمِي
َّ
اِن
َ
ْم
اهِي
َ
ْر
ِل َسِّي ِدنَااِب
یٰا
ٰ
َعل
َ
َو
ْم
اهِي
َ
ْر
َسِّي ِدنَااِب

Allahum-ma Baarik ‘Alaa Sayyidina Muhammadiw Wa ‘Alaa Aali
Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Baarakta ‘Alaa Sayyidina
Ibraheema Wa ‘Alaa Aali Sayyidina Ibraheema In-naka
Hameedum-Majeed
O’ Allah! (You) send Blessings upon our Master (Hazrat) Muhammad
صلى الله عليه وسلم and the Descendants of (Hazrat) Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم as You sent
Blessings upon our Master (Hazrat) Ibrahim االسلم ہیلع and the
Descendants of (Hazrat) Ibrahim االسلم ہیلع .Indeed, You are the Most
Praised, Most Glorified.
Then recite this Dua:
ا َل َد
َ
َ ْن َتو
لِم
َ
َّی و
الِ َد
َ
لِو
َ
لِی و
م اغِِْفْ
َّ
و ِم َن اَل ّٰله ا ِت ُ
ُ
اْلم
َ
َن و
ْؤ ِمنِيْ
ُ
ِع اْلم
ْ
َجمِي
لِ
َ
و
اءِ
َ
ْحي
ا ِت االَ
َ
ُ ْسلِم
اْلم
َ
َن و
ُ ْسلِمِيْ
اْلم
و ا ِت َ
َ
د ْعو
ْ ُب ال َّ
َک ُمجِي
َّ
اْ ِت اِن
َ
االَ ْمو
َ
ْ و
ُم
ِمْنه
َن
َّحِمِيْ
الر
َ
ْر َحم
ااَ
ٰ
تِ َکي
َ
َ ْحم
ِر
ب
Allahum-magh Firli Wa li Waaliday-ya wa li Man Tawalada Wa Li
Jamee’il Mu-mineena Wal Mu-minaati Wal Muslimeena Wal
Muslimaatil Ahya-i Minhum Wal Amwaati, In-naka Mujeebud
Da’awati Bi Rahmatika Ya Arhamar Raahimeen.
21
O’ Allah, Forgive me and my parents, and those born to them, and all
the Believing men and Believing women, and Muslim men and Muslim
women, and the living amongst them, and the deceased. Verily You
are The Divine Acceptor of Duas. (Accept our Duas) by Your Mercy, O
The Most Merciful of the Merciful.
One may either read the Dua just mentioned, or read any other Duae-Maathura. Below are some examples of other Duas which you may
read:
م
َّ
اَل ّٰله ه ُ
َّ
واِن
ا َّ
ً
ا َکثِير
ً
ُظْلم
ْ
ُت َنْف ِسى
ْ
انِِّی َظ ’ لِ َلم
اَنْ َت َفاغِِْفْ
َّ
ْ َباِال
ذنُو
ُّ
ال
َال ی َيْغِِفُ
ُ
ْم
رحِي
ْ ُرالَّ
َّکاَنْ َتاْل َغُفو
اِن
ْ
نِى
ْ
ْر َحم
ا
َ
ًةِّم ْنعِْن ِد َکو
َمْغِِفَ
Allahum-ma In-ni Zalamtu Nafsi Zulman katheeraw Wa In-nahu
Laa Yaghfiruz Zunooba il-la Anta; Fagh Firli Maghfiratam-min
Indaka War Hamni In-naka Antal Ghafoorur Raheem
O’ Allah! I have done huge injustice to my soul and undoubtedly, there
is no forgiver of sins but You alone. O’ Allah! Forgive me and have
mercy on me. Undoubtedly, You are the Most Forgiving, the Most
Merciful.
22
ُت ِمْنهُ
ْ
َما َعلِم
ُلِّهِ
َناْل َخيْرِک
ْس َئلُ َك ِم
مانِِّیاَ
َّ
ُ
اَل ّٰله ذُ
ْ
اَعُو
َ
ُ و
اَ ْع َلم
ْ
َ َما َلم
َن و
ِ َک ِم
ب
ّشِ
َّ
ال
ْ
اَ ْع َلم
ْ
َ َما َلم
ُت ِمْنهُو
ْ
َما َعلِم
ُلِّهِ
ک
Allahum-ma In-ni As-aluka Minal Khairi Kul-lihi Maa Alimtu minhu
Wa maa Lam A’lam, Wa A’oodhubika Minash Shar-ri Kul-lihi Maa
Alimtu minhu Wa Ma Lam A’lam
O’ Allah I seek from You, everything good and virtuous, of which I
know and of which I know not; and I seek refuge in You from
everything evil, of which I know, and of which I know not.
ْذُ
مانِِّیاَعُو
َّ
ِ َک اَل ّٰله ِم ُ
ب ذُ
ْ
اَعُو
َ
ِباْل َقبْرِو
ْن َع َذا
َنةِ اْل
ِ َک ِم ْنفِتْ
ب
َ
جا ِلو
د َّ
ِحال َّ
ْ
ِسي
َ
م
ْذُ
اَعُو ا
َ
َ ْحي
َنةِاْلم
م ِ َک ِم ْنفِتْ
َّ
ُ ب
ا ِتاَل ّٰله
َ
م
َ
َن ِةاْلم
َ فِتْ
و ذُ
ْ
َن انِِّیاَعُو
ب ِم ِ َک ِم
ثَ
اْ
َ
َن اْلم
ِم
َ
و
ْذُ
اَعُو
َ
َمِو
ْغر
َ
اْلم ْ ِن
دي
َةِال َّ
ب رِ ِ َک ِم ْنغَ ْلب
ْ
َقه
َج و ال َ
الِّر
Allahum-ma In-ni A’oodhubika min Azaabil Qabri wa A’oodhubika
min Fitnatil Maseehid Daj-jaali, Wa A’oodhubika min Fitnatil
Mahya wa Fitnatil Mamaati. Allahum-ma In-ni A’oodhubika minal
Maathami wa Minal Maghrami Wa A’oodhubika min Ghalbatid
Dayni Wa Qahrir Rijaal.
O’ Allah! I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave, and from
the turmoil of Daj-jaal, and I seek Your Protection from the afflictions
of life and death. (O’ Allah) I seek Your Protection from sins and
23
damages, and I seek Your Protection from being overwhelmed by
debt, and from the fury of men.
ا
َ
دنْي
ُّ
َناٰاتِ َنافِیال
َّ
م َرب
َّ
ُ
ن اَل ّٰله ارِ
َبالَّ
َنا َع َذا
وقِ
َح َس َنًةَّ
ةِ
وفِیاالِِٰخَ
َح َس َنًةَّ
Allahum-ma Rab-bana Aatina Fid-Dunya Hasanataw Wa Fil
Aakhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina Azaaban Naar
O’ Allah! Our Sustainer, grant us good in this world and good in the
hereafter, and protect us from the torment of hell.
These Duas should not be recited without the word مَّ
ُ
.‘ma-Allahum ‘اَللّٰه
One should then make salaam to the right by turning the face towards
the right shoulder, and in doing this one should say:
ُم
اَل َّسالَ ُةاهللِ
َ
َ َرْحم
ْو
م
ْکُ
َع َلي
As Salaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatul-laah
Then turn salaam to the left in the same manner, and say the same
turning the face towards the left shoulder.
24
This method of Namaaz which has been explained above is applicable
for an Imam or Munfarid (i.e. one who performs Salaah on his own)
who is male.
There are certain things in this regard which are impermissible for
the Muqtadi (i.e. the one following Imam in congregational prayer),
such as the reading of Surah Faateha or any other Surah when
following the Imam. There are some differences for females, in
regards to tying the hands, Sajdah and sitting in Qa’da.
These differences are as follows:
 When making the Takbeer e Tahreema, i.e. saying Allahu
Akbar to commence Namaaz, it is Sunnat for a female to
raise her hands upto the shoulders (and not upto the ears).
 When raising the hands for Takbeer e Tahreema, it is
better, i.e. preferred that they keep their hands inside (the
Burqah etc.).
 When tying the hands after Takbeer e Tahreema, they
should keep the left palm on the chest, below the breasts,
placing the palm of the right hand on the back of the palm
of the left hand.
 They should only bend (i.e. bow) a little in Ruku. In other
words, enough for her to just touch her knees with her
hands. She should not straighten her back, and she should
not press on the knees, but she should simply keep the
hands on the knees. She should not properly straighten up
as the men do.
25
 A female should gather herself when performing Sajdah
(i.e. not spread out the body). She should join her arms to
her sides, and her stomach close to her thighs, and her
thighs to her shin and her shin should be close to the
ground.
 In Qa’da females should sit with both the legs to the right
side.
From the discussions on Namaaz that have been mentioned, there are
certain things which are Fard, and without them the Namaaz will not
be done.
There are other actions which are Waajib, and to omit them
intentionally is a sin and it becomes ‘Waajib ul I’aada’ in other words,
if they are omitted it is Waajib to repeat that Namaaz, and if it is left
out by error, then Sajdah-e-Sahw is sufficient for it. Some things are
Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah.
To habitually leave out this is sinful, while other things in Namaaz are
Mustahab, which if done gives reward and if not done, does not give
any sin. Detail in this regard can be seen in Bahaar e Shariat Volume
Three.
Note One: When performing the three Raka’at Salaah of Maghrib, one
will make Qa’da in the second and third Raka’ats, and no Surah is read
after Surah Faateha in the third Raka’at.
26
Note Two: In the three Raka’at Witr Namaaz in Esha, Surah i.e. Qira’at
will be recited after the Surah Faateha in the third Raka’at. After the
Surah and before Ruku in the third Raka’at, one will say Allahu Akbar,
by raising the hands up to the ears like in Takbeer e Tahreema, and
then tie the hands as normal and then recite the Dua e Qunoot.
After the Dua e Qunoot go into Ruku and complete the Namaaz as
mentioned earlier.
The Dua e Qunoot
َّم
ُ
اَل ّٰلھ ا
َّ
َن ْس َتِعْينُ َک اِن
و َک َ
َن ْس َتْغِِفُ
َ
ِ َک نُْؤِم ُن و
ب
و ُل َ
َّ
ک
َ
ْ َک نَ َتو
ْى َلي
نُْث َع نِ
ْ و َع َک َ
َلي
َ
اْل َخيْر
و َک َ
َال َنْش ُُکُ
و َک َ
ُِفُ
نَکْ
ُ ُک َ و نَ ْخ َل ُع َ
ر
ُ َک َم ْن و نَتْ
ُجر
ْف
اَل ّٰلھ اِيَّا َک ُ ي ط َّم َّ
ْ
ُد َنع
ُ
َ ب
و
َص َل لِّی َک
َن ْس ُج و ُد َ نُ
ْ و َک َ
ی
ٰ
َن ْس اِ َلي ع
ْح و ِف ُد َ
نَ
َ
و
ْ
ْ ُجو
َت َک نَر
َ
شى َک َ َرْحم
ٰ
َ و نَ ْخ
اَِّن َع َذاب
َک
َ
َع َذاب
ارِ
َّ
ف
ق ِاْلکُ
ب ُمْل ِحٌ
Allahum-ma in-naa Nasta’eenuka wa Nastagh-firuka wa nu’minu
bika wa Natawak-kalu ‘Alaika wa nuthni ‘Alaikal khair, wa Nashkuruka wa Laa Nak-furuka, wa Nakh-la’u wa Natruku May YafJuruka.
Allahum-ma Iy-yaaka Na’buduwa Laka Nusal-li wa Nasjudu wa
ilaika Nas’aa wa Nahfidu, wa Narju Rahmataka wa Nakhsha
‘Adhaabaka In-na ‘Adhaabaka Bil kuf-faari Mulhiq
27
O Allah, we seek assistance from You, and seek Forgiveness, and we
bring faith in You, and have (complete) faith (and trust) in You, and
we glorify You with every goodness; and we are grateful to You and
are not ungrateful; and we distance (ourselves) from and leave every
such person who sins against You. O Allah, we worship You, and for
You Alone do we perform Namaaz, and perform Sajdah; And towards
You alone do we come swiftly making complete effort, and we are
hopeful of Your Divine Mercy; and we fear Your punishment.
Undoubtedly, Your punishment will befall the unbelievers.
One who is unable to recite the Dua-e-Qunoot should read this:
َنا
َّ
َرب
نارِ
َبالَّ
َنا َع َذا
وقِ
َح َس َنًةَّ
ةِ
وفِیاالِِٰخَ
َح َس َنًةَّ
ا
َ
دنْي
ُّ
ٰاتِ َنافِیال
Allahum-ma Rab-bana Aatina Fid-Dunya Hasanataw Wa Fil
Aakhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina Azaaban Naar
28
Dua After Namaaz
For years there has been debate as to whether we should make Dua
after Namaaz or not. It is indeed blessed and beneficial to make Dua,
especially after Salaah, in order to supplicate in the Court of Almighty
Allah that our Namaaz which we performed should be accepted. This
mannerism of Dua after Namaaz has been taught by the Holy Qur’an.
Almighty Allah says,
َۙ
ْب﴿
َّ
ص
ۡ
ان
َّ
ف
َّ
ت
ْ
غ
َّ
َّر
اف
َّ
ِّاذ
َّ
٪
ْب ف ۷﴿
َّ
غ
ْ
ار
َّ
َّک ف
ِّ

ب
َّ
ٰٰل ر
ِّا
َّ
﴾ و ۸﴾
‘So, When you have completed your Namaaz, then make an effort
in Dua (supplication); and turn your attention towards your Rab’
[Surah Al Inshirah (94), Verses 7-8]
Hazrat Ibn Ab’bas عنهما تعالى اهلل رضى Qatadah, Dah’hak, Maqaatil and Kalbi hae
mentioned that, once you have completed your Fard Namaaz, make a
sincere effort in making Dua to your Rab. [Tafseer Ibn Jareer, Tafseer
Kabeer, Tafseer Mazhari]
It is this Tafseer which Aala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Bareilvi used in
his translation. Since the verse has mentioned absolutely, that when
you have completed your Namaaz, then make an effort in Dua.

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