AZAAN AT THE GRAVESIDE OF A MUSLIM

All praise is due to Allah who has made Azaan a sign of Imaan, a
means for salvation, tranquillity to the heart, a means of removing
sadness and the means to attaining His Pleasure. Complete and
Exalted Durood and Salaams upon that Most Blessed personality
whose remembrance Allah has exalted and whose status has been
blessed with excellence by adorning every Khutbah and Azaan by his
remembrance. Choicest blessings upon his noble family, and his
blessed companions, who always remembered him  when
remembering Allah in their life; during death; when losing or finding
anything and in every time and moment. I bear testimony that
Almighty Allah is Raheem and Kareem and none but Allah is worthy
of worship and I also testify that our Master and our Beloved Prophet
Muhammad Mustafa  is the closest servant and Prophet of Allah.
He is the leader of Jins and humans. May Allah shower His Mercy
upon him , his noble family and his exalted companions for as long
as ears have listened to the Azaan. Faqeer Abdul Mustafa Ahmed
Raza Muhammadi Sunni Hanafi Qaadiri Barkaati Barelvi prays May
Allah bless him with sweet water from the Blessed Goblet of the
Beloved Rasool  and may he (Imam Ahmed Raza) become from
amongst those who are the people of Imaan, Namaaz and Azaan
during his life and in his death. Ameen.
Answer: Some Ulama-e-Deen have stated that Azaan at the graveside
after burial of the deceased is Sunnat. Imam Ibn Hajr Makki and
Allama Khair Al Millat Wad Deen Ramali (Teacher of the Author of
Durr-e-Mukhtar) alaihimur Rahma narrated this statement. Imam Ibn
Hajr Makki has quoted this statement in his Fatawa and Sharh e
Ubaab and debated this. Imam Ramali has quoted this statement in
the footnotes of Bahrur Ra’iq and has stated that this statement is
Daeef. The truth is that the permissibility for the Azaan which has
been mentioned in the question is definite. There is no evidence in
the Shariat which opposes this Azaan (at the graveside) and that
which the Shariat does not label as Mumnoo (disallowed) is in reality
definitely not disallowed. This is enough for those who say it to be
permissible. As for those who claim this to be impermissible, they
should substantiate their claim with evidence from the Shariat.
In good faith (knowing that there is no evidence of impermissibility)
this humble servant has the ability to present numerous proofs from
the Shariat to support the permissibility (of this Azaan).
First Proof: After a person is made to lay in his grave and the
Nakeerain question him, Shaitaan [May Allah protect every Muslim
male and female after death from the mischief of Shaitaan through
the Sadqa of Rasoolullah ] interferes even there and tries to mislead
him (Allah protect us). Imam Tirmizi Muhammad bin Ali narrates in
Nawaadir Al Usool from Imam-e-Ajal Sufyaan Thawri (rahmatullah
alaih) as follows, “When the deceased is questioned on who is his
Lord then Shaitaan becomes apparent before him and points to
himself saying ‘I am your Lord’, it is for this reason that we have
been requested to make Dua that the deceased attains steadfastness.”
Imam Tirmizi further states, “These Ahadith are in support of this
wherein the Holy Prophet  made Dua. It is proven from Sahih
Ahadith that Azaan causes Azaan to run away. It is in Sahih Bukhari
and Muslim etc. on the authority of Abu Hurairah that the Prophet
 said, “When the Mu’azzin calls the Azaan, Shaitaan turns around
and runs away passing wind.”
It is in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Hazrat Jaabir that
(Shaitaan) runs 26 miles away (when Azaan is given). It is also in the
Hadith that one should give Azaan when there is interference from
Shaitaan and the mischief will be destroyed. The above mentioned
Hadith has been narrated by Imam Abul Qaasim Sulaiman Bin
Ahmed At-Tabrani in Al-Majma Al Awsat on the authority of Hazrat
Abu Hurairah .
I have quoted numerous Ahadith relating to this topic in my book
Naseemus-Sabah. Now that it has been proven that Shaitaan the
cursed interferes (Allah protect us) and it has been stated that
Shaitaan runs from Azaan and we have been commanded to give
Azaan in order to destroy this its interference then this Azaan is
proven from Hadith and is a direct command. This has helped the
Muslim brothers, the blessings of which are in the Quran and the
Hadith.
Second Proof: Hazrat Imam Ahmed Tabrani and Baihaqi have
reported from Hazrat Jaabir Ibn Abdullah as follows, “After
Hazrat Sa’ad Ibn Mu’az was laid to rest in his grave and his grave
was prepared, the Holy Prophet  stood there saying ‘Subhaan’Allah
Subhaan’Allah’ and the Shaba-e-Kiraam too repeated the same. The
Prophet  then said, ‘Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar’ (for a while) and
the Sahaba did the same. The Sahaba-e-Kiraam then asked, ‘Ya
Rasoolullah , why did you first recite Tasbeeh and Takbeer.’ The
Prophet  said the grave of this pious man had become
uncomfortable for him. Then Almighty Allah removed this
discomfort and caused his grave to be widened.
It is in Sharh-e-Mishkaat, “The meaning of the Hadith is this that by
standing beside the grave and reciting Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar
and Subhaan’Allah Subhaan’Allah Almighty Allah released him
from the discomfort of the grave. I (A’la Hazrat) say, “From this
Hadith, it is proven that the Holy Prophet  himself repeatedly said
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar at the graveside after burial. This is the
same sentence which appears in the Azaan six times thus making it
Sunnat.

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