Adhan Call to Prayer | Azan Fazilat & Importance

 

 

What is Azaan?

According to the common law of Shariah, Azaan is a specific announcement, i.e. a proclamation, for which the words are specified.

The words of Azaan

«اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ »

Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar – Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar
Allah is The Greatest Allah is The Greatest
Allah is The Greatest Allah is The Greatest

 

«أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ،أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ »

Ash Hadu Al-Laa Ilaaha il’l-Allah
Ash Hadu Al-Laa Ilaaha il’l-Allah
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah

 

 

«أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللهِ، أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَّسُولُ اللهِ»

 

Ash-Hadu An’na Muhammadar Rasoolullah
Ash-Hadu An’na Muhammadar Rasoolullah
I bear witness that indeed Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Allah’s Rasool
I bear witness that indeed Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Allah’s Rasool

 

«حَيَّ عَلَى الصَّلَاةِ، حَيَّ عَلَى الصَّلَاةِ »

 

Hay’ya ‘Alal Falaah – Hay’ya ‘Alal Falaah
Come Towards Salvation, Come Towards Salvation

 

«حَيَّ عَلَى الْفَلَاحِ، حَيَّ عَلَى الْفَلَاحِ »

Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar
Allah is The Greatest Allah is The Greatest
Allah is The Greatest Allah is The Greatest

«اَلصَّلَاةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ، اَلصَّلَاةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ»

« اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ »

«لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ»

Laa Ilaaha il’l-Allah

There is none worthy of worship except Allah

 

What is the difference between the Azaan in the Fajr Salaah?

In the Azaan of the morning prayer, i.e. in Fajr Salaah, after the ‘Falaah’ the Mu’azzin should proclaim:

As Salaatu Khairum-minan Nawm (Namaaz is Better Than Sleep) It is Mustahab to do this.

 

Question: Is there any mention in the Holy Qur’an about the Azaan or calling people towards Allah’s Ibaadat?

Answer: Azaan is the means to inviting the Muslims towards Allah’s Ibaadat and about inviting the Muslims towards Almighty Allah’s Remembrance, the Holy Qur’an says,

‘And whose word is better than his, who invites towards Allah; and performs virtuous deeds, and says; ‘I am a Muslim.’

[Surah Ha-Meen As-Sajdah (41), Verse 33]

Question: What is the history behind the Azaan?

Answer: It is reported in Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, and Daarmi from Ameer ul Mo’mineen Hazrat Umar e Farooq e Azam and Hazrat Abdullah bin Zaid were taught the words of Azaan in their dream. The Beloved Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلم said that this dream was a ‘True Dream’. He صلى الله عليه وسلم commanded Abdullah ibn Zaid by saying, ‘Go to Bilal and inform him of it, so that he may call out the Azaan, as he has a louder voice than you.

Question: Is there any special reason why we find the Mu’azzins usually putting their index fingers into their ears when calling out the Azaan?

Answer: It is reported in Ibn Majah from Hazrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Sa’ad that the Beloved Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلم instructed Hazrat Sayyiduna Bilal to place his fingers into his ears when calling out the Azaan, as this causes the sound of the Azaan to be higher pitched.

It is Mustahab to thrust the fingers into the cavities of the ears while calling out the Azaan, and if both hands are kept over the ears then this is virtuous as well.

[Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

The first manner, i.e. thrusting the fingers into the ears, is more virtuous as this is in accordance with the Hadith and is more effective in raising the voice. The second manner may be used when a person’s ears are blocked and he feels that his voice has not been clearly heard, so he increases his pitch.

[Fatawa Razviyyah]

What has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef regarding the virtues of the Mu’azzin, i.e. the one who calls out the Azaan?

It is reported in Muslim, Ahmed, and Ibn Majah report from Hazrat Mu’awiyah that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘The necks of the Mu’azzins shall be the most elevated on the day of Qiyaamat.’

What is meant by, ‘The necks of the Mu’azzins shall be the most elevated on the day of Qiyaamat?’

Allama Abdur Rauf Manawi mentions that the meaning of this Hadith Shareef is that the necks of Mu’azzins will truly be hopeful of the Mercy of Allah, and one who is hopeful of something, in particular, will stretch his neck out towards that which he is hopeful of and towards that which he wishes for. It could also mean that they will receive a great reward.

Some have mentioned that this is a metaphor, in the sense that, they shall not be dishonored because the neck of one who is dishonored or humiliated hangs down while the neck of one who is given honor is elevated.

Does calling the Azaan cause shaitaan to flee?

Answer: Indeed it does. It is reported in Bukhari, Muslim, Maalik and Abu Dawud report from Hazrat Abu Hurairah that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘When the Azaan is called out, shaitaan flees while releasing air (while passing gas), so far away that he is not able to hear the sound of the Azaan. He returns when the Azaan has been completed then he flees again while the Iqaamat is called out, and then again he returns when it is completed. He causes a distraction by saying, think of such and such thing, which you did not think of before; to a point where a person does not remember how much (i.e. how many Raka’ats) he has performed.’ It has also been reported in Sahih Muslim from Hazrat Jaabir Radi Allahu Anhu that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘When shaitaan hears the Azaan, he flees to the distance of Rowha.’ The distance of Rowha from Madina is equal to 36 miles, which is equal to 57.93 kilometers.

 

Does the one who solely calls out the Azaan, with the sincere intention of attaining the reward for it, get any special blessings?

Such a person surely receives many blessings. It is reported
in Tabrani from Hazrat Ibn Umar
,said صلى الله عليه وسلم Rasoolullah that صلى الله عليه وسلم
‘The one who gives Azaan with the intention of acquiring reward is like a Shaheed (i.e. a martyr), whose body is covered in blood and when he passes away, his body will not be infested by worms.’
Baihaqi reported from Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu Anhu that Rasoolullah
صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘One who gave the Azaan for the five Namaazs on the basis
of his Imaan and solely for attaining its reward. Then all his past sins
shall be forgiven; and one who performs Imaamat amongst his
friends (i.e. leads them in Namaaz) for the five Salaahs, on the basis
of his Imaan and solely with the intention of attaining reward, then
his past sins shall be forgiven.’
Ibn Asaakir reported from Hazrat Anas Radi Allahu Anhu that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم
said, ‘One who called out the Azaan for a year without demanding
any payment for it will be summoned on the day of Qiyaamat and
made to stand at the Door of Jannat. He will then be told, Intercede
(make Shafa’at) for whomsoever you wish.’
Question: Does a community wherein Azaan is called attain any
special blessing?
Answer: It is reported in Tabrani Sagheer from Hazrat Anas Radi Allahu Anhu
Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Allah gives protection from his punishment to
that locality, i.e. community, for the day, wherein Azaan was called
out.’
It is also reported in Tabrani from Mu’qil bin Yasaar Radi Allahu Anhu that
Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘That community in which Azaan was called out
in the morning, will be safe from the punishment of Allah until the
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evening, and that community in which Azaan was called out in the
the evening will be safe from the punishment of Allah until the
morning.’
Question: Will the Mu’azzins receive any exclusive blessings in
Paradise?
Answer: Indeed, they will. Abu Ya’la reports in Musnad from Hazrat
Ubay Radi Allahu Anhuthat Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘I entered Jannat and saw
domes made from pearls. Its dust was from musk. I said, ‘O Jibra’eel!
For whom are these?’ He said, ‘It is for the Mu’azzins and Imams of
Your Ummat.’
Question: It is often mentioned that on the day of Qiyaamat, Hazrat
Sayyiduna Bilal Radi Allahu Anhu will lead the Mu’azzins while proclaiming the
Azaan. Is there a narration confirming this?
Answer: Khateeb and Ibn Asaakir report from Hazrat Anas Radi Allahu Anhu
that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘The Mu’azzins will appear on the plains of
Hashr, i.e. on the day of reckoning, while riding on camels from
Jannat. They shall be lead at the front by Hazrat Bilal Radi Allahu Anhu and all
of them will come forth calling out the Azaan aloud. People will look
at them and enquire in regards to who they are, and it will be said,
‘They are the Mu’azzins of the Ummat e Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم .People are
stricken with fear, yet they have no fear! People will be engulfed in
grief, yet they have no grief.’
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Question: Is the time of Azaan or Iqaamat a time of acceptance of
Dua?
Answer: Abu-Shaykh reports from Hazrat Anas Radi Allahu Anhu that
Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘When the Azaan is called, the Doors of the skies
are opened, and Duas (invocations) are accepted. Dua is not rejected
at the time when the Iqaamat is given.’
It is also reported in Abu Dawud and Tirmizi from Hazrat Anas   Radi Allahu Anhu that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Dua is not rejected in the time between
the Azaan and Iqaamat.’
Question: Should one be in the state of Wudu when calling out the
Azaan?
Answer: Yes, one calling out the Azaan should be in the state of
Wudu. The Beloved Rasool صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘O Ibn Ab’bas! Azaan is associated
with Namaaz, so none from amongst you should call out the Azaan
unless he is in Wudu.’
The ruling is that if a person gives Azaan without Wudu, it will be
valid, but it is Makruh for one who is not in Wudu to proclaim the
Azaan, hence this must be avoided.
Question: Should we also repeat the words of the Azaan when the
Mu’azzin mentions them?
Answer: Yes, we should. This is called replying to the Azaan. Ibn
Majah reports from Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu Anhu that Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم
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said, ‘When you hear the Mu’azzin proclaiming the Azaan then you
too should say that which he says.’
Question: Can Jama’at be performed in a Masjid without Azaan and
Iqaamat?
Answer: It is Makruh to perform the Jama’at, i.e. congregational,
prayer in the Masjid without proclaiming the Azaan and Iqaamat.
[Bahaar with Ref. to Fatawa Alamgiri]
Question: When should the Azaan for each Namaaz be given?
Answer: The Azaan should be given after the prescribed time of the
particular Namaaz has commenced. If the Azaan was given before
the time started, or if one started to proclaim it before the time
commenced, and during the course of the Azaan the time did
commence, then in both cases the Azaan must be repeated.

[Bahaar with Ref. to Durr-e-Mukhtar]

For example, if one is giving Azaan for Maghrib Salaah, it can only be
proclaimed for Maghrib after the time of Maghrib has commenced. If
one called out the Azaan for Maghrib in the time of Asr or started
calling it out at the time of Asr and then Maghrib commenced, then
in both cases, it must be repeated.
Question: What are the Mustahab, i.e. recommended, and desired
times to call out the Azaan for each Namaaz?
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Answer: The Mustahab time for the Azaan is the time which is
regarded as Mustahab for that particular Namaaz. However, for Asr
Namaaz, it should not be proclaimed with such delay that while
performing the Namaaz the Makruh time appears. If the Azaan was
given in the beginning time of any Namaaz, and the Namaaz was
performed in the ending time of that Namaaz, then to the Sunnat of
Azaan has been accomplished.
Question: Is there Azaan for Eid Namaaz?
Answer: Except for the Faraa’id (i.e. the Fard Prayers) there is no
Azaan for the other Salaahs, such as for Witr, both the Eid or any
other Nafils etc.
Question: When else is it Mustahab to proclaim the Azaan?
Answer: It is Mustahab to proclaim the Azaan:
• In the ear of a (new-born) child.
• In the ear of an aggrieved person.
• In the ear of one who is having an epileptic seizure.
• In the ear of one who is overwhelmed by anger.
• In the ear of an ill-tempered person or animal.
• During the intensity of a battle.
• When a fire is raging.
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• After burying a deceased.
• When a Jin is displaying its mischief.
• Behind a traveler.
• When you lose your way in a jungle (i.e. in an isolated and
harsh environment) and there is none to guide you.
• It is also Mustahab to proclaim the Azaan during any plague
(or disaster). [Bahaar with Ref. to Raddul Muhtar, Fatawa
Razviyyah]
Question: Can females call out the Azaan or Iqaamat?
Answer: It is Makruh e Tahreemi for females to call out the Azaan
and Iqaamat. If they do call it out, they will be sinful and it must be
repeated. [Bahaar with Ref. to Alamgiri] It must be noted the voice of
a female is also pardah.
Question: Can one who is a Faasiq, i.e. a known transgressor, give
the Azaan?
Answer: It is Makruh for such a person to give the Azaan.
Question: Can children call out the Azaan for Salaah?
Answer: It is Makruh for one who has not reached the age of
puberty to give Azaan. However, the Azaan proclaimed by a child
who has already reached the age of understanding is valid.
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Question: Who is best suited to proclaim the Azaan?
Answer: The one who is aware and has knowledge of the times of
Namaaz is the one who is most suitable for proclaiming the Azaan. If
he is not aware of the times, then he is not deserving of the reward,
which is appropriate to a Mu’azzin. [Bahaar with Ref. to Alamgiri]
Question: How should the Mu’azzin be?
Answer: It is Mustahab for the Mu’azzin to be:
• A male who is of sane mind.
• A pious and Allah-fearing person.
• One who has knowledge of the Sunnah.
• One who is dignified.
• One who is the guardian of the affairs of the people.
• One who warns those who abstain from Namaaz in Jama’at.
• One who is punctual in calling out the Azaan.
• One who calls out the Azaan for the sake of attaining its
reward.
Question: Can Azaan be given while sitting?
Answer: It is Makruh to proclaim the Azaan whilst sitting. If it was
proclaimed whilst sitting, it should be repeated (standing).
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Question: What direction should one face when proclaiming the
Azaan?
Answer: The Azaan should be proclaimed while facing the direction
of the Qibla. To act contrary to this is Makruh. In this case, the Azaan
should be repeated. However, if a Musafir who is on a mode of
transport, does not face the direction of the Qibla when proclaiming
the Azaan, there is no objection. [Bahaar with Ref. to Durr]
Question: Is it allowed to clear the throat when proclaiming the
Azaan?
Answer: To clear the throat without reason while proclaiming the
Azaan is Makruh. However, if one clears the throat because one’s
voice has become hoarse and one wishes to bring more clarity in the
voice, then there is no objection. [Bahaar, Ghuniya]
Question: Can the Azaan be proclaimed while walking?
Answer: It is Makruh for the Mu’azzin to walk whilst proclaiming
the Azaan. If someone calls out the Azaan whilst walking, then the
Azaan must be repeated. [Ghuniya, Bahaar]
Question: Can The Mu’azzin talk in the midst of the Azaan?
Answer: It is disallowed to talk whilst proclaiming the Azaan. If one
did talk whilst calling out the Azaan, it must be repeated.
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Question: Where should the Azaan be given?
Answer: It is Sunnat to proclaim the Azaan while standing on an
elevated place, so that those in the neighborhood may hear it
clearly. The Azaan should be proclaimed in a loud voice. However, it
is Makruh to force the voice more than one’s strength, i.e. to overstrain the voice. [Bahaar]
The Azaan should be called out from the specially built area for
Azaan or from outside the Masjid. Azaan should not be given inside
the Masjid. [Summary of Alamgiri].
To proclaim the Azaan inside the Masjid is Makruh. This ruling is in
regards to all the Azaans. None of the Books of Fiqh (i.e.
Jurisprudence) has excluded any Azaan from this rule.
Question: Does this refer to the second Azaan of Jumu’ah as well, as
it is seen that many Masjids give the second Azaan directly in front
of the Imam inside the Masjid?
Answer: This applies to the second Azaan of Jumu’ah as well. Hence,
even the second Azaan during Jumu’ah falls within this rule. Imam
Itqaani and Imam Ibn Al Humaam have written this ruling and law
especially in the chapter on Jumu’ah. However, there is one
the difference here that they have pointed out, that the Mu’azzin must
call out the Azaan outside the Masjid but in-line with the Khateeb
(i.e. the one delivering the Khutbah). As for the practice of calling
out the second Azaan of Jummah directly in front of the Mimbar (i.e.

pulpit) or one or two hand lengths away from the Mimbar, like is the
practice in many places today, then with regards to this, it must be
noted that there is no valid evidence of this in any authentic book.
This is contrary to both the Hadith and Fiqh.
Question: In which manner should the Azaan be called out?
Answer: The words of the Azaan should be proclaimed with short
pauses. Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar combined is regarded as one.
After saying both these, there should be a pause. There should not be
a pause between each of them. The duration of the pause should be
equal to the amount of time wherein the person replying to it may
reply. To disregard this pause is Makruh and to repeat such an Azaan
is Mustahab.

What if one changes the sequence in Azaan by error?

If whilst giving Azaan, one changed (in error) the sequence of the words, then that portion should be rectified.

There is no need to repeat the entire Azaan from the beginning. If one does not rectify it, and Namaaz was performed with this Azaan, there is no need to
repeat that Namaaz. [Bahaar, Alamgiri]

When proclaiming Hay’ya Alas Salaat and Hay’ya Alal Falaah, should one turn towards the right and left as is usually done?

‘Hay’ya alas Salaat’ must be proclaimed whilst turning towards the right and ‘Hay’ya alal Falaah’ must be proclaimed whilst turning towards the left. This applies even if the Azaan, which is being proclaimed, is not for Namaaz. If the Azaan is being proclaimed in the ear of a new-born child or for any other reason, then merely turning the face is sufficient. There is no need to turn with the entire body to the right or left. [Durr, Bahaar]

The next booklet will, Insha Allah, discuss the Iqaamat, the
response to the Azaan, and the Dua after the Azaan, etc.

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