5 pillars of Islam

 

should be poured on the right side of the body three times, the left three times, over the head and finally over the rest of the body three times. Water should again be massaged over the entire body. Clothing should be worn immediately after completing Ghusl.

how many actions are Fard in Ghusl?

There are 3 actions which are Fard in Ghusl.

  1. To gargle.
  2. Pour water into your nose.
  3. Pour water over the entire body.

 

How many actions is Sunnah doing in Ghusl?

The following actions are from Sunnah in Ghusl:

  1. To come up with the intention for Ghusl;
  2. Wash both hands until the wrists three times;
  3. To wash the private parts;
  4. To remove any impurities present in the body;
  5. To perform Wudu;
  6. To spread water over the body and massage it;
  7. Pour water on the right and then the left side of the body, then over the head and the rest of the body three times;
  8. To rub one’s hands all over the body;
  9. Not to face the Qibla during Ghusl unless one is performing it wearing clothes;
  10. To perform Ghusl in a place where no one is present;
  11. Not to talk during Ghusl; Not to pray for any supplications during Ghusl;
  12. Women to sit during Ghusl;
  13. Wearing clothes immediately after Ghusl.

 

 

When does Ghusl become Fard upon a person?

The following things make Ghusl Fard upon a person:

  1. Ejaculation due to lust;
  2. Wet dream;
  3. Insertion of the male private part into a female’s frontal of rear or a male’s rear passage makes Ghusl Fard for both,
  4. At the end of the menstruation cycle;
  5. After the end of post-natal bleeding.

 

When is it Sunnah to perform Ghusl?

It is Sunnah to perform Ghusl in the following situations:

  1. On the day of Jumu’ah;
  2. On the day of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha;
  3. On the day of Arafat during Hajj;
  4. Before wearing the Ihram.

 

 

In which situations is it Mustahab to perform Ghusl?

It is Mustahab to perform Ghusl in the following situations:

  1. During the stay in Arafat and Muzdalifah at the time of Hajj;
  2. When visiting the Haram in Makkah Sharif and the blessed shrine of our Prophet in Madinah Sharif;
  3. Prior to performing the Tawaaf of the Ka’ba;
  4. When entering Mina; Before going to throw stones at the three pillars (jamarat);
  5. On Shab-e-Bara’at;
  6. On Shab-e-Qadr;
  7. On the night of Arafat;
  8. When attending a gathering to celebrate the birth of our Prophet, or any other gathering, after bathing the deceased,
  9. After regaining sanity and consciousness;
  10. After repenting from sins;
  11. Benoit before wearing new clothes;
  12. After returning from a journey; At the end of the Istihaza;
  13. bortiom idt When offering the prayer of a solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, seeking rain, at the time of fear and the prayer during sudden darkness or a storm;
  14. When there is an impurity present on the body and its location is unknown.

Note: It is Haraam and a great sin to bathe in front of other people with their knees exposed. In addition, Ghusl should not be performed whilst wearing impure clothing when clean clothing is available. If no other piece of clothing is available besides that which is impure, then this should be washed prior to Ghusl.

Discourse on Tayammum (Dry Ablution)

What is the method of performing Tayammum?

the fingers wide apart, one should strike both hands on the surface and wipe the face. If excess dust remains on the hand it should be shaken off.

Thereafter, one should strike the hands for the second time on the surface and wipe the right arm using the left hand and the left arm using the right hand up to and A

Firstly, an intention should be made in the heart. Next, keep including the elbows.

 

What should a person recite when making the intention?

He should recite the following:

“I have made the intention to perform Tayammum to become closer to Allah Ta’ala,”

Q Is the aforementioned method of Tayammum for Wudu or Ghusl?

A -This method applies to both Wudu and Ghusl.

Q -If a person wishes to do Tayammum for both Wudu and Ghusl, will he have to perform it twice or will perform Tayammum once suffice?

A -To carry out Tayammum once shall be sufficient for both.

How many actions are Fard in Tayammum? 

There are 3 actions that are Fard in Tayammum:

  1. To make the intention;
  2. To wipe the entire face with your hands:
  3. 3. To wipe both hands up to and including the elbows.

 

If a person is wearing a ring, then it is Fard to wipe the part underneath it. If a woman is wearing bangles or other items of jewelry, it is Fard to remove them and wipe over all the parts.

 

What surfaces can be used to perform Tayammum? 

Tayammum can be performed on clean dry soil, stone, sand, Multani soil, ocher, raw or baked brick, cement, or a wall made from stone or lime.

Q What things can Tayammum not be performed on?

A- Tayammum cannot be performed on gold, silver, copper, brass, iron, wood, aluminum, zinc, cloth, burnt ash, and grain. Conclusively, those objects which melt or turn into ash when burnt are not allowed to be used to perform Tayammum upon. However, if there is dust present on these objects then Tayammum is allowed using that very dust. any type of

Q -When is Tayammum allowed to perform?

A-Tayammum becomes permissible when a person does not have the capability to use water.

Q -What is the meaning of ‘not having the capability of using water?

A -This phrase has various meanings such as

  1. An ill person who has the certainty that his illness will increase by performing Wudu or Ghusl;
  2. A person is present in a place where water is absent for at least 1.5 miles in all directions;
  3. If a person is certain that he shall become ill or die if he uses water in an extremely cold environment;
  4. The absence of a rope and a bucket at a well.

There are many other instances when Tayammum can be performed. To explore these, one should consult.

Bahaar-e-Shariat and other distinguished books.

 

Q- If a person needed to perform Ghusl after he awoke, such that there was only enough time to perform Wudu and pray the Salaah, what should he do?

A -If there is an impurity present on the body then it should be washed, then the Tayammum for Ghusl should be performed Wudu should then be carried out and the Salaah performed Thereafter the Salaah should be repeated after performing Ghusl.

Q -What things invalidate Tayammum?

A -Tayammum is invalidated by those very things that break Wudu or necessitate Ghusl. Tayammum is also invalidated after regaining the capability to use water.

 

Discourse on Istinja (Purification)

 

Q -What is the method of Istinja after relieving oneself?

After a person relieves himself from urination, he should clean the private parts using soil, stones, leaves, or an old cloth and wash them using water ‘.

1 In the West where it is customary to use tissues, the same method should be adopted using tissues. one.

After a person relieves himself from excretion, he should clean the private parts three, five or seven times using soil, stones, or leaves and then wash them using water. d ton lo ineom srie

Q -What hand should be used to handle the things used to clean the private parts?

A -The left hand. U på bayou

Q -What things are not allowed to be used for Istinja?

A -Purification is not allowed using objects such as any type of food, bones, animal feces and charcoal.

Q- In what places is relieving not permissible?

 

1 In the West where it is customary to use tissues, the same method should be adopted using tissues. one.

 

A -Relieving is not permissible in the following places:

  1. At the bank of a well, a lake or a river;
  2. In water even if it is flowing; Places where people gather; Underneath a fruit-bearing tree;
  3. In a field where there are crops;
  4. In a shade where people sit; Near the Masjid or the place where the Eid Salaah is performed (Eid-Gah); In a graveyard or on a pathway;
  5. At the place where animals are tied;
  6. At a place where people perform Ghusl and Wudu.

 

Q -Where should a person face when relieving?

A -A person should not face the Qibla nor have his back towards it. In India, one should face either the north or south. Discourse on Water and the leftover water from Animals

Q -Which types of water are allowed for performing Wudu?

A Wudu can be performed using the following types of water:

  1. Rainwater;
  2. Water from a river, canal, stream, sea, lake, or a well;
  3. Water melted from snow or ice;
  4. water from a reservoir or a large pool.

Q- Which types of water are not allowed for performing Wudu?

A- Wudu cannot be performed using the following types of water:

Water squeezed from a fruit or a tree;

Water mixed with a clean substance resulting in the change of its form and its name, such as a drink, stew, tea, etc;

Water from a large pool or reservoir which has been contaminated with impurity resulting in a change in its color, smell, or taste;

Water from a small pool in which an impurity has fallen or a blood-flowing animal has died in it, although the color, smell, or the taste may not have changed;

 

Water which drips from the parts washed during Ghuel Wudu.

Q – Are there any differences between the water used for Ghusl and water used for Wudu?

A– No. Water which is allowed for Wudu is also allowed for Ghusl! and similarly, water which is not allowed for Wudu is also allowed for Ghusl.

Q– The leftover water from which animals are classed as pure?

A -The leftover water from animals that are lawful to eat are classed as pure such as a cow, bull, buffalo, goat, pigeon, dove, etc.

Q -The leftover water from which animals are classed as Makrooh?

A -The leftover water from the following animals is classed as Makrooh: Animals that live in the house such as a cat, mouse, snake, and lizárd; Birds of prey such as a falcon, hawk, kite, crow, etc; Free roaming chicken which places its mouth in filth; A cow having the habit of eating filth.

Q -The leftover water from which animals are classed as impure?

A -The leftover water from pigs, dogs, lions, cheetahs, wolves, elephants, jackals and other four-legged animals is classed as impure.

 

Discourse at Wells

Q How does a well become impure?

A -If a person, cow, buffalo, or a goat falls into a well and dies, it makes the well impure. Similarly, if impurity falls inside the well, it too makes it impure.

Q-If an animal falls into a well and is retrieved alive, then will the water in the well become impure or not? twenty-one

 

A- If an animal, whose leftover water is impure such as a dog or a jackal, falls into a well, then the water will become impure. If an animal, whose leftover water is clean such as a cow and a goat, is retrieved alive, then the water is classed as clean on the condition that there is no impurity present on the body and there is no certainty of urination or excretion in the water,

Q- IF the water in the well becomes impure, how much of it has to be removed?

The entire water should be removed in the following cases:

  1. After an impurity falls inside the well; After a person, cow, buffalo, goat, or an animal similar in size falls and dies inside the well;
  2. After two cats die inside the well;
  3. After the excrement of a chicken or a duck falls inside the well;
  4. After a cock, chicken, cat, mouse, lizard, or any other animal with flowing blood dies inside the well and its body expands or swells up;
  5. After an animal, whose leftover water is impure such as a pig and a dog, falls inside even though it is retrieved alive.

 

 

Q– What is the ruling if a mouse or a cat dies inside a well and is removed before its body expands or swells up?

A -If a rat, sparrow, chameleon, or a blood-flowing animal similar or smaller in size dies inside a well and is removed before its body expands or swells up, then twenty to thirty buckets of water shall be removed. If a cat, pigeon, chicken, or an animal similar in size dies inside a well and removed before its body expands or swells up, then forty to sixty buckets of water shall be removed.

Q -How large should the bucket be?

A– bucket that is usually found at the well shall be used. If there is no specific bucket fixed to the well, then a bucket that can hold approximately 5.25 kilograms of water should be used.

 

 

Q After purifying the water in the well, should the walls, rope A These do not have to be purified because the wall, rope, and bucket all become clean once the water in the well is cleaned and the bucket be purified as well? and purified.

 

Discourse on Najasat (Impurities) and How many types of impurities are there?

 

There are two types of physical impurities:

1. Najasat-e-Galeezah (Major);

2. Najasat-e-Khafeefah (Minor).

Q -What is Najasat-e-Galeezah?

A -Anything which is released from the body and necessitates Ghusl or Wudu is classed as Najasat-e-Galeezah, such as faeces. urine, flowing blood, pus, mouth full of vomit and water from a sore eye etc, The faeces and urine of those animals which are Haraam to consume such as dog, lion, fox, cat, mouse, donkey, mule, elephant, pig and the excrement of a horse are all also Najaasat-e-Galeezah. Furthermore, the excrement of those animals which are Halaal to consume such as a cow, buffalo, goat, camel, chicken, duck, the wetness from the trunk of an elephant and the saliva of a lion and dog etc are all classed as Najasat- e-Galeezah. Finally, the urine of a suckling child is also classed as Najasat-e-Galeezah.

Q What is Najasat-e-Khafeefah?

A The urine of those animals which are Halaal to consume such as a cow, bull, buffalo, goat, sheep, and also the urine of a horse and the droppings of those birds which are Haraam to consume such as a crow, kite, falcon and a hawk are all classed as Najasat-e-Khafeefah.

Q -What is the ruling if a Najasat-e-Galeezah is found on the body or clothes? 2. 3

A – Najasat-e-Galeezah is greater in size than a Dirham (size of a fifty pence coin), then to clean it is Fard and Salaah shall not he accept without doing so. If Najasat-e-Galeezah is equivalent in size to a Dirham, then to clean it is Wajib and if Salaah is. performed without cleaning it then the Salaah shall become Makrooh-e-Tehrimi and therefore Wajib to repeat.

If Najasat-e-Galeezah is less in size than a Dirham, then to clean it is Sunnah and to perform Salaah without cleaning is going against the Sunnah. Repeating the Salaah prayer in such a state is preferred.

Q What is the ruling if Najasat-e-Khafeefah is found on the body or clothing?

A If Najasat-e-Khafeefah is found and is less than a quarter of that part of the clothing or the body it is attached to, then it is acceptable. For example, impurity is present on the arm and is less than a quarter of the entire arm, or it is found on the sleeve but less than a quarter of the entire sleeve or even on the hand but is less than a quarter of the whole hand.

If Najasat-e-Khafeefah is present on a full quarter of that part, then Salaah will not be accepted without cleaning it.

Q If impurity is found on the clothing, then how should it be washed before it becomes pure?

A If the impurity is solid such as faeces, then there is no limit set to the number of times it can be washed but it is necessary that the impurity is removed. If it is cleared after only a single wash, then it shall become pure and if it takes up to four or five washes, then it shall become pure after the fourth or fifth wash. However, if the impurity is cleaned before the third wash cycle, then it is better still to complete three wash cycles. If the impurity is thin such as urine, then the cloth will only become pure by washing it three times and tightly squeezing it after each wash: many times

 

 

Discourse on Menstruation (Haiz), Post-natal Bleeding (Nifas) and Ritual Impurity (Janabat)

 

Q What is menstruation and post-natal bleeding?

A Menstruation is the blood which is released naturally from the not because of an illness or the birth of a child. The period of menstruation is a minimum of three days and a maximum of ten. If the blood is released for more or less than these dave then it is due to an illness and is referred to as Istihaazah. The blood front private part of a mature woman on the condition that it is which is released after the birth of a child, is called post-natal bleeding. There is no set number of days when the blood may stop but it is possible to last up to a maximum of forty days. Blood which is released after forty days is classed as Istihaazah.

Q -What is the ruling regarding menstruation and post-natal bleeding?

A- It is haram to keep fast and to perform salaah in a state of menstruation or post-natal bleeding. Salaah is forgiven during this period and is not required to be made up. However, it is Fard to make up the fasts on other days. It is also forbidden to recite the Qur’an, whether it be looking inside or by memory. Similarly, it is forbidden to touch any part of the Qur’an whether it’s cover or its commentary with the hand of the tip of one’s finger or with any other part of the body. However, it is permissible to touch the casing in which it is wrapped.

Q What is the ruling for a person who is unclean, or Ghusl is necessary upon him? A For such a person, it is forbidden to perform Salaah, recite Qur’an looking inside or by memory, to touch the Qur’an or to go inside the Masjid without performing Ghusl.

Q Is the person upon whom Ghusl is necessary allowed to 8º inside the Masjid?

A It is forbidden for such a person to enter the Masjid or section where Salaah is performed. It is allowed to enter those sections which are outside the Masjid such as the toilet and 25

 

Waydu area on the condition that to access these areas, one does not have to go through the Masjid. el bie 1siniv gnnub O Is a person upon whom Ghusl is necessary. allowed to teach the Qur’an? A Such people are allowed to teach given that they break each word up into their single letter components. They are also allowed to perform Hijjay imtor t kad A A O Is it allowed to touch and recite the Qur’an without Wudu? A To touch the Qur’an without Wudu is forbidden. However, it is permissible to recite the Qur’an looking inside or by memory without touching it. O MH s O What is the ruling for touching Para-e-Am or any other single chapter of the Qur’an without Wudu? A It is forbidden to touch Para-e-Am or any other single chapter of the Qur’an without Wudu.

 

Discourse on Salaah Time Periods Q How many Salaah are Fard in a day? A There are five Salaah which are Fard during the day and night. These are Fajr, Zohar, Asr, Magrib and Isha.

Q What is the time period for Fajr? A Fajr begins at the break of dawn and lasts until before sunrise. However, it is Mustahab to perform it when there is some light ol in the sky. Q What is the time period for Zohar?

A Zohar begins as soon as the sun declines from its point at midday and lasts until the shadow of every object becomes twice its length excluding its original shadow at midday. Traditional method used to teach Arabic to children by breaking each word into individual letters.

 

27 However, it is Mustahab to perform it at its beginning thymus during winter and later on during summer.

Q What is the time period for Asr?

A Asr begins after the time period for Zohar ends and lasts until sunset. However, it is always Mustahab to delay Asr, although it should not be delayed such that the sun turns yellow.

Q What is the time period for Magrib?

A Magrib begins at sunset and lasts till before the aPpearance of whiteness in the sky that is spread across the north-south disappears. It is Mustahab to perform it straight after sunset and Makrooh to delay it.

Q What is the time period for Isha? A Isha begins as soon as the whiteness spread across the north- south disappears and lasts until the break of dawn. It is Muslahab to pray it in the first third of the night, Mubaah in the first half of the night and Makrooh in the latter half since there are less chances of a congregation taking place at this time of the night. Discourse on the Makrooh Times

Q Are there times during the day and night in which Salaah is not allowed to be performed?

A Yes. It is not allowed to perform any Salaah during sunrise, sunset, and midday. However, if the Asr of that day was missed, then it is allowed to pray it close to sunset although to delay to such a degree is a great sin.

Q For how long is a person not allowed to pray Salaah when the sun rises?

A It is not allowed to pray Salaah as soon as the tip of the sun can be seen above the horizon until twenty minutes have elapsed.

 

 

 

 

O For how long is a person not allowed to pray Salaah before the sun sets? A As soon as a person can see the sun with the naked eye, he cannot pray Salaah until the sun has set. This time period is approximately twenty minutes before sunset. N Q At midday, for how long is a person not allowed to pray Salaah? A It is not allowed to pray Salaah approximately forty minutes after midday !. Q What is the ruling for praying the Janazah Salaah at any of the Makrooh times? A If the funeral was brought at the Makrooh time, then it should be performed immediately and no harm will be incurred. It is disliked when the funeral was present but the Salaah was delayed until the Makrooh time. Q What is the ruling for reciting the Qur’an during the Makrooh times? A It is better that the Qur’an is not recited during these periods but no harm shall be incurred if it is recited. ibs bluode otit Discourse on Adhaan and Iqaamat 0.01 Q Is it Fard or Sunnah to deliver the Adhaan? A For those Fard Salaah offered with congregation, it is Sunnat-e- Mu’akkadah to deliver the Adhaan and it is in the ruling of a Wajib. Meaning, if the Adhaan was not given, then everyone shall be sinful. Q When should the Adhaan be delivered? A When the time period of a Salaah begins, then the Adhaan should be given. It is not allowed before the beginning time and if delivered, it should be repeated. ‘This only applies to India.

 

 

Q Can the Adhaan be delivered apart from the Fard Salaah? A Yes It is Mustahab to deliver the Adhaan in the ear of a ha and a depressed person, a person suffering from epilepsy, the ear of an angry, malevolent person and an animal, durinea conflict and intense fire, after burying the deceased, when person becomes under the infhrence of Jinn and wh bewming lost ard there is no guide to show the Q What is the best method in delivering the Adhaan? A A person should stand on a high place outside the Masid facing the Qibla. He should place his index fingers into his ears and loudly say the words of the Adhaan gradually witheet rushing. When reciting Hayye al Salnat, he should tam b face to the right and on Hage alal Falaah, to the left. Q What is the ruling regardings the answer to the Adhaan? A The ruling is that the listener should repeat what the caler recites. However, when the reciter reaches Hua al Salah and Haya aial Falazh, the Nistener should resond by saying both. During the Athaan of Fait, in reply to ‘Assainzia khayram minan Neum’, the listener should recite, Saiapbe we Bararte we Q What is the ruling regarding the answer to the Adhaan of the Khutbah (Friday sermon)? A Ris not allowed to respond to the Khuthah AdhaarR wath ahe Q What is the ruling regarding loaamat? A To give the lqaamat is also Sunnate-Mu’akkadah and the emphasis behind its ruling is greater than that of the Athaan Q Should the person who delivers the Athaan also have 0 the lqaamat, or can it be given by someboty olse? A Yes Only the person who delivers the Adhaan should dellver the lqaamat. Without his permission nohoy else can gve ee

 

Iqaamat. If a person has given the Iqaamat without his permission and the former felt displeased, then it is Makrooh. o What is ruling regarding people remaining standing during Iqaamat? A It is Makrooh for people to stand when the Iqaamat is being delivered. People should remain seated and once the person recites ‘Hayyaa alal Falaah’, they should stand. O What is the ruling for reciting Durood between the Athaan and Iqaamat? A To recite Durood, meaning to pray, ‘Assalaatu was-Salaamu alayka yaa RasoolAllah’ is allowed and is commended. In the eves of Shariat, this is called Tathweeb and it is recommended for all Salaah except for Magrib. mits Note: 1. Whosoever talks during the Athaan may – Allah forbid! – face an unpleasant departure from this world. 2. Once the Athaan is completed, both the reciter and listeners should recite Durood Sharif and then pray the following supplication: “O Allah! Lord of this complete invitation and the Lord of this everlasting Salaah until the Day of Judgment. Grant our master Muhammad (the rank of) Waseela and give him the highest rank and the most exalted status above Your entire creation. Elevate him to the Magaam-e-Mehmood as you have vowed and include us in his intercession on the Day of Judgment. Indeed, you do not go against your promise. ”

 

 

When the Mu’ezzin reaches ‘Ash-hadu anna Muhammador Rasoolullah’, then the listener should recite Durood Sharic and it is Mustahab to kiss the thumbs and rub them ove the eyes saying, “Qurratu Ayni bika yaa RasoolAlla Allaahumma Matti’ni bis-Sam’i wal Basar “. Discourse on the number of Rakaat and Intention

Q How many Rakaat are performed for the Fajr Salaah?

A There are four Rakaat altogether. The first two are Sunnah and latter two Fard.

Q How should one make the intention for the two Sunnah of Fair? A “I have made the intention to pray the two Sunnah of Fajr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing towards the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”

Q How should one make the intention for the two Fard of Fajr? “I have made the intention to pray the two Fard of Fajr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”

Q How many Rakaat are performed for the Zohar Salaah? A There are twelve Rakaat altogether. The first four are Sunnah; the next four are Fard followed by two Sunnah and lastly two Nafl.

Q How should one make the intention for the four Sunnah of Zohar? A “I have made the intention to pray the four Sunnah of Zohar, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” Or How should one make the intention for the four Fard of Zohar? A “I have made the intention to pray the four Fard of Zohar, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”

 

Or How should one make the intention for the two Sunnah of Zohar? A “I have made the intention to pray the two Sunnah of Zohar. For the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” Or How should one make the intention for the two Nafl of Zohar? – A “I have made the intention to pray the two Nafl of Zohar, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” O How many Rakaat are performed for the Asr Salaah? A There are eight Rakaat altogether. The first four are Sunnah and the next four are Fard. O How should one make the intention for the four Sunnah of Asr?

A “I have made the intention to pray the four Sunnah of Asr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” O How should one make the intention for the four Fard of Asr? A “I have made the intention to pray the four Fard of Asr, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.”

Q How many Rakaat are performed for the Magrib Salaah? A There are seven Rakaat altogether. The first three are Fard; the next two are Sunnah and lastly two Nafl.

Q How should one make the intention for the three Fard of Magrib? A “I have made the intention to pray the three Fard of Magrib, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, (A Muqtadi should also say) behind this Imam, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” Or How should one make the intention for the two Sunnah of Magrib? 32

 

33

 

 

“I have made the intention to pray the three Witr Wajib of Isha, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” O How should one make the intention for the two Nafl of Isha? A “I have made the intention to pray the two Nafl of Isha, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar.” o Will Salaah be accepted if a person forgets the words of the intention and utters something else? A Intention is made in the heart and the utterance of the tongue is not taken into account for the intention. For example, if a person had the intention to perform Zohar but he accidentally said Asr, then his Zohar Salaah will still be accepted. wo O How should one make the intention for Qaza Salaah? A It is important to mention the day and name of the Qaza Salaah to be made up. For example, if a person missed the Fajr Salaah on a Friday, then he should say, “I have made the intention to pray the two Fard of Fajr Salaah which were missed on Friday, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “. Q How should one make the intention for the Salaah missed over many years? A In this case, if a person is making up a Salaah suppose Zohar, then he should say, “I have made the intention to pray the first four Fard of Zohar which is due upon me, for the sake of Allah Ta’ala, facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “. Intentions for other Salaah should be made in the same way.

Q How many Rakaat will a person pray to make up for the missed Salaah for the whole day? A He shall pray twenty Rakaat: two Rakaat of Fajr, four for Zohar, four for Asr, three for Magrib, four for Isha and three for Witr. Conclusively, one shall make up the Fard and Witr Salaah, not the Sunnah. 2 Can there be any reduction in the Rakaat of the five daily Salaah? 3. 4

 

 

 

A There can be no reduction in Fajr. However, one can miss onl Fard and two Sunnah in Zohar amounting to ten Rakaat, Aleo in Asr one can pray only the four Fard. In Magrib, it is allowwed to recite the three Fard and the two Sunnah, amounting to five the Nafl prayers in the rest and thus, pray four Sunnah, four Rakaat. In Isha, one can reduce the number to nine Rakaat performing the four Fard, two Sunnah and three Witr. No harm shall be incurred if the Salaah are performed in this manner, by The Method for performing Salaah Q What is the method for performing Salaah? A Being in the state of Wudu, one should stand facing the Qibla with a gap of four fingers between the toes of each foot. He should commence by raising both the hands up to the ears such that the thumbs touch the earlobes and the palms are facing the Qibla. After making the intention, he should recite ‘Allaahu Akbar and fold the hands beneath the navel. He should then recite Thanaa. “Glorified are You, O Allah! I am praising You and Your name is blessed. Your Magnificence is great and there is no God besides You.” Next, Shaytaanir-rajeem ‘and the Tasmiyyah, meaning’ Bismillaahir- Rahamaanir-Raheem should be recited followed by Surah Fatiha, completed by saying ‘Ameen’ quietly at the end. Next, a Surah, three verses or a verse equivalent to three verses should be recited. Thereafter saying ‘Allaahu Akbar, one should proceed into Ruku by holding the knees firmly with the hands and the fingers equally spread wide apart. The back should be straight and the head level with the back, In Ruku, ‘Subhaana Rabbiyal-Azeem’ should be recited at least three times. Next, saying ‘SamiAllaahu li-man Hamidah’, one should stand up the Ta’awwuz, meaning ‘A’oodhubillahi-minash- 35

 

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‘IIMAllah’ lower the index finger and return the hand to its original position. If a person is praying more than two Rakaat then he should stand and complete the two Rakaat in the manner mentioned previously. However, if a person is performing a Fard Salaah, then he should only recite Surah Fatiha and it is not necessary to adjoin a Surah in the latter two Rakaat. When performing the last sitting before the completion of Salaah, Durood Sharif should also be read after Tashahhud l diod to “O Allah! Shower mercy upon our master, Muhammad and upon his family in the same way You sent mercy upon our master Ibrahim and upon his family. Indeed You are of the highest esteem. O Allah! Send blessings upon our master, Muhammad and upon his family in the same way You sent blessings upon our master Ibrahim and upon his family. Indeed You are of the highest esteem. ” Then a person should recite Dua-e-Maathurah. “O Allah! Forgive me, my parents and those who have been born, all the believing men and women, and the Muslims, those who are alive and those who have passed avay. Indeed You are the acceptor of all supplications with Your mercy, O the One Who shows mercy more than everyone else. 37

 

 

A person is also allowed to recite a different supplication to the one mentioned above. Next, he should turn his face to the right shoulder saying ‘Assalaamu alaykum wa Rahmatullaah followed by the left side. Salaah is now complete. After Salaam, the Imam should turn either towards the right or Jeft side because to keep his back towards the Muqtadi after Salaah is Makrooh. Dua after Salaah “O Allah! You are the All-Peace and peace is from You and it returns back to You. Keep us alive with peace and make us enter the House of Peace. You are full of blessings O my Lord! You are the Most Esteem, O the Most Glorified ad High. ” Special Rulings for Women in Salaah During Takbeer-e-Tehrima, women should not lift their hands until the ears but until the shoulders. Also, they should not fold their arms below the navel but should place the left hand on the chest and the right on top of the left. They should not bow down into Ruku as much but to such a degree that the hands reach the knees without firmly gripping them but merely placing the hands on top of them. The fingers should be joined together and the legs should be arched and not straight like a man. The back should also not be straightened. Women should perform Sajdah in a confined manner meaning the arms should meet the sides, the stomach should meet the thighs, the thighs should meet the calves and the calves should be touching the ground. In Qaida, they should not sit on the left foot but on their bottom with both feet pointing towards the right. 38

 

 

 

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as well. One should say ‘I have made the intention’ and not ‘I am making the intention’; 6. Takbeer-e-Tehrima, meaning to recite’Allaahu Akbar when commencing Salaah. Discourse on the Terms of Shariat or What is a Fard and a Wajib? A Fard is that action which will be classed as a great sin if it is deliberately missed and the worship will not be valid without performing it. Wajib is that action which will be classed as a sin if it is missed deliberately. If it is missed during Salaah, then it will become necessary to repeat that Salaah and if missed accidentally, it will necessitate Sajda-e-Sahw. Or What is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah and Gair Mu’akkadah? A Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is that action which is disapproved if missed and a reward if carried out. To miss it occasionally is disapproved but to miss it continuously will lead to punishment in the Hereafter. Sunnat-e-Gair Mu’akkadah is that action which is a reward if carried out and to miss it, even deliberately is not disapproved, although it is disliked in Shariat.

Q What is Mustahab and Mubaah? A Mustahab is that action which will be rewarded if carried out but no sin on missing it. Mubaah is that action where no sin or reward is incurred by performing it. Q What is Haraam and Makrooh-e-Tehrimi? A Haraam is that action which is a great sin even if it is deliberately carried out only once and to abstain from it is Fard and a reward. Makrooh-e-Tehrimi is that action through which worship becomes incomplete and the person who does it will be sinful, although its sin is less in magnitude than that for a Haraam action.

 

 

What is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi and Khilaaf-e-Awlaa? A Makrooh-e-Tanzihi is that action which is disapproved by Awlaa is that action which is better not to be carried out, Shariat and to abstain from it is better and a reward. Khilaaf-e performing although there is no disapproval or punishment in it. The Fard actions of Salaah Q How many actions are Fard in Salaah? A There are 6 actions which are Fard in Salaah. 1. Qiyaam; 2. Qiraa’at; 3. Ruku; 4. Sajdah; 5. Qaida-e-Akhirah; 6. Khuruj Bisun’ihi. Q What is the meaning of Qiyaam being Fard? A It means to perform the Salaah in the standing position is mandatory and Salaah will not be valid if it is performed in the sitting position without a valid reason, regardless of whether the person is male or a female. However, one is allowed to sit when performing Nafl Salaah. Q What is the meaning of Qiraa’at being Fard? A It means to recite Quran in the first two Rakaat of any Fard Salaah and in all Rakaat of any Witr, Sunnah and Nafl Salaah is obligatory. If a person did not recite Qur’an in these Salaah, then it will not be accepted.

Q At what minimum level of sound should the Qur’an be quietly recited?

A The minimum level of praying quietly is that one should be able to hear himself. If he does not recite to such a degree of loudness, then Salaah will be invalid. 41

 

 

What is the minimum degree of bowing in Ruku? A The minimum degree of bowing in Ruku is such that the hands reach the knees and the comnplete Ruku is such that the back is horizontal and the head in line with the back. These two should not be misaligned. Or What is the essence of Sajdah? A The essence of Sajdah is to press the forehead firmly against the ground. It is obligatory to bend and press one of the toes of both the feet firmly on the ground towards the Qibla. If a person performed Sajdah in a manner such that both the feet were suspended in mid-air, then Salaah will not be valid. In fact, Salaah will also be invalid if the toes merely touch the ground.

Q How many toes should be bent facing towards the Qibla? A It is Wajib to bend at least three toes from both feet. Q What is Qaeda-e-Akhirah? A On completing all the Rakaat, it is Fard to sit for the duration it takes one to recite Tashahhud until ‘Wa Rasooluhu’.

Q What is Khuruj Bisun’ihi?

A To intentionally commit an action in order to exit Salaah after Qaeda-e-Akhirah is known as Khuruj Bisun’ihi. However, if a person completes Salaah by an action other than reciting Salaam, it will become Wajib to repeat the Salaah. The Wajib actions of Salaah Q Mention the Wajib actions in Salaah.

A The following actions are Wajib in Salaah: To recite the words’ Allahu Akbar in Takbeer-e-Tehrima; To recite the entire Surah Fatiha; To adjoin a Surah or three verses after Surah Fatiha in the first two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah and in all Rakaat of Witr, Sunnah or Nafl Salaah; 42

 

 

To perform Qiraa’at in the first two Rakaat of any Fard Salaah To recite Surah Fatiha before any other Surah; To recite Surah Fatiha only once in Surah; Not to say or do anything between Surah Fatiha and a Surah which is not part of Salaah; To perform Ruku straight after completing the Qiraa’at: To bend ‘three toes from both feet towards the Oibla i Sajdah; Not to separate the two Sajdah by an action; To perform the actions correctly one after the other: Qawmah, meaning to stand straight after performing Ruku; Rakaat before every Jalsah, meaning to sit straight between the two Sajdah: Not to recite anything after Tashahhud in the first Qaeda: To recite the complete Tashahhud in each Qaeda; To recite the word ‘Assalaamu’ twice; To recite Dua-e-Qunoot in Witr Salaah; To recite the additional Takbeer in Witr Salaah; The six Takbeer of the Eid Salaah; To recite the Takbeer to proceed into Ruku in the second Rakaat of the Eid Salaah and to recite Allaahu Akbar in doing so; For the Imam to recite aloud in the Jahri ‘Salaah and quietly in the Sirri? Salaah; To offer all Fard and Wajib actions in their prescribed locations; To perform Ruku once in every Rakaat and the Sajdah twice; Not to perform Qaeda after the first Rakaat and not to perform Qaeda after the third in a four Rakaat Salaah; To perform Sajda-e-Tilaawat after reciting a verse of Sajdah and to perform Sajda-e-Sahw after missing a Wajib action unintentionally; 1 Those Salaah in which the Qiraa’at is recited aloud. 2 Those Salaah in which the Qiraa’at is performed silently. 43

 

 

 

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On returning from Ruku, the Imam should SamiAllaahu Ili-man Hamidah, the Muqtadi should recite recite ‘Rabbana lakal Hamd’ and a Munfarid (a person performing Salaah alone) should recite both; To recite ‘Allaahu Akbar when proceeding to and returning from Sajdah; To recite ‘Subhaana Rabbiy-al-A’laa’ at least three thymus6 Sajdah; To proceed into Sajdah by placing the knees first, then the hands, the nose and finally the forehead and when returning from Sajdah, to lift the forehead, the nose, the To keep the arms separate from the sides and the stomach from the thighs and not to rest the arms on the ground like hands and finally the knees; the habit of dogs; Women to join the arms with the sides, the stomach wil the thighs, the thighs with the calves and the calves placed on the ground; To sit between two Sajdah in the manner one sits in Oaoda and to place the hands on the thighs; In Sajdah, the fingers to be close together and facing the Qibla; To bend all ten toes towards the Qibla; To stand for the second Rakaat using the support of placing hands on the knees; To sit on the left foot and raise the right, bending the toes towards the Qibla; Women to sit on their bottom with both feet pointing towards the right; To place the right hand on the right thigh and the left hand on the left thigh with the fingers left in their natural state; To raise the index finger in Tashahhud; To recite Durood Sharif and Dua-e-Maathurah after Tashahhud in Qaeda-e-Akhirah. Discourse on Qiraa’at 45

 

 

What is the ruling for a person who forgets to pray a Surah after Surah Fatiha and proceeds into Ruku? A J € he remembers in Ruku, then he should stand, recite a Surah, proceed to Ruku for the second time and perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end. o What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in the first two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah? A If he remembers in Ruku, then he should recite a Surah in the latter two Rakaat of a four Rakaat Fard Salaah and perform Sajda-e-Sahw. In Magrib, he should recite Surah in the third Rakaat; the Surah for one Rakaat will be left. He will also have to perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end.

Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in any one of the two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah and remembers after Ruku?

A He should recite a Surah after Surah-e-Fatiha in the third or fourth Rakaat followed by Sajda-e-Sahw in the end.

Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah in a Sunnah or Nafl Salaah?

A He should perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end.

Q What is the ruling for a person who recited a Surah in the first Rakaat and accidentally started the same Surah in the second? A If he has commenced that Surah, then he should complete it and to do this deliberately is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. However, if one does not know any other Surah, then there is no harm in repeating the same Surah in the following Rakaat.

Q What is the ruling for a person who recites a Surah in the second Rakaat which comes before the Surah that is recited in the first Rakaat. For example, a person recited Surah Kaafiroon in the first and Surah Kauthar in the second? A It is Makrooh-e-Tehrimi to do this and is classed a sin. However, to do this unintentionally is neither a sin nor will Sajda-e-Sahw be necessary.

 

 

What is the ruling for a person who forgets to pray a Surah after Surah Fatiha and proceeds into Ruku? A J € he remembers in Ruku, then he should stand, recite a Surah, proceed to Ruku for the second time and perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end. o What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in the first two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah?

A If he remembers in Ruku, then he should recite a Surah in the latter two Rakaat of a four Rakaat Fard Salaah and perform Sajda-e-Sahw. In Magrib, he should recite Surah in the third Rakaat; the Surah for one Rakaat will be left. He will also have to perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end.

Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah after Surah Fatiha in any one of the two Rakaat of a Fard Salaah and remembers after Ruku?

A He should recite a Surah after Surah-e-Fatiha in the third or fourth Rakaat followed by Sajda-e-Sahw in the end.

Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite a Surah in a Sunnah or Nafl Salaah?

A He should perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end.

Q What is the ruling for a person who recited a Surah in the first Rakaat and accidentally started the same Surah in the second?

A If he has commenced that Surah, then he should complete it and to do this deliberately is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. However, if one does not know any other Surah, then there is no harm in repeating the same Surah in the following Rakaat.

Q What is the ruling for a person who recites a Surah in the second Rakaat which comes before the Surah that is recited in the first Rakaat. For example, a person recited Surah Kaafiroon in the first and Surah Kauthar in the second?

A It is Makrooh-e-Tehrimi to do this and is classed a sin. However, to do this unintentionally is neither a sin nor will Sajda-e-Sahw be necessary.

 

 

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people are equal in this, then the eldest person should lead the Salaah, then he who has the best character, then he who recites Tahajjud. Conclusively, if a few people are equal in all aspects, then the person who is most worthy in the eyes of Shariat has the foremost right. O For whom is it a sin to become an Imam? A An open sinner such as an alcoholic, gambler, adulterer, a person who deals in usury, a person who slanders, shaves or trims his beard so that it is less than a fist, a misguided person whose belief has not taken him out of the folds of Islam, It is a sin for all these people to become an Imam and to perform Salaah behind them is Makrooh-e-Tehrimi and thus Wajib to repeat.

Q What is the ruling for performing Salaah behind a Wahhaabi or a Deobandi?

A The beliefs of the Wahhaabi and Deobandi are Kufr as they believe in things such as the knowledge the Prophet possesses can also be found in children, the insane and animals. Similarly, their leader Ashraf Ali Thanwi states in his book Hifzul Iman, denying the Knowledge of the Unseen bestowed to our Beloved Prophet, “… what uniqueness has the Prophet got in this attribute, such knowledge is also possessed by Zaid, Amr, rather every child, madman, all the animals … “. (Allah Forbid!) Similarly, their leaders have written many corrupt and Kufr beliefs in their books and they believe it to be the truth. This is why it is a great sin and strictly forbidden to pray behind them. If a person unintentionally performs Salaah behind them, then it should be repeated and if not, then that person will be sinful.

Q For whom is it Makrooh to become the Imam?

A It is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi for an illiterate or blind person, an illegitimate child, an impotent person, a person suffering from leprosy, paralysis or skin disease, which is visible, to become the Imam. The disapproval is only when there is nobody else present who is more worthy to lead the Salaah. If these people 48

 

 

are the most worthy then there is no disapproval. The disapproval of the blind is the least in comparison to others. The actions that invalidate Salaah

Q What actions invalidate Salaah?

A The following actions break the Salaah: To talk regardless of whether it is deliberate or unintentional or due to forgetfulness; To talk on one’s own accord or by force; To say Salaam to a person by the tongue regardless of whether it is deliberate or unintentional. Similarly, to reply to the Şalaam by the tongue also invalidates Salaah; To say ‘YarhamukAllah’ after a person sneezes, to say ‘Alhamdulillah’ on hearing good news, to say ‘Subhaan Allah on hearing a blessing or to say’ Innaa lillaahi wa innaa ilayhi Raaji’oon ‘on hearing bad news invalidates Salaah. However, if a person sneezes, then he should remain silent and if he himself says ‘Alhamdulillah’, then no harm shall be incurred in Salaah; To correct another person apart from the Imam; To accept a correction from another person apart from the Muqtadi; To give an incorrect rectification; To prolong the Aleef of ‘Allaahu Akbar saying’ Aallaahu Akbar or to say ‘Aakbar or Akbaar. In the same way, to recite the Ra of’Allaahu Akbar as daal invalidates Salaah; To recite ‘Nasta’een’ with an additional Aleef such that it becomes’ Nastaa’een ‘and similarly to recite the Taa of’ An’amta with a Zer or Pesh; To make a sound due to pain or to weep aloud such that letters can be audible. However, if these sounds are heard from an ill person which are out of his control, then Salaah will not be invalidated. Similarly, sounds heard whilst sneezing, coughing, yawning and to belch shall not affect the Salaah;

 

 

Tf there was something in the mouth which was swallowed and it was less than a pea, then Salaah will become Makrooh. However, if it is larger than a pea, then Salaah will be invalidated; If a woman was performing Salaah and a child began suckling, then her Salaah will become invalid if the milk came out. Note: To walk across a person praying Salaah will not invalidate it regardless of whether the person crossing is a male or a female. However, to do this is a severe sin. It has been mentioned in the Hadith, that if a person knew the punishment for walking across a person performing Salaah, then he would prefer being buried in the ground than to cross him. O Will Salaah become invalid if the toe of the right foot moves away from its place? A It shall not break and this is a misconception amongst the general public. The Makrooh Actions of Salaah Q What actions are Makrooh in Salaah? A The following actions are Makrooh-e-Tehrimi in Salaah: To play with the clothes, body or the beard; To straighten the clothing, for example to lift the trousers or any part of one’s clothes from the front or the back when proceeding into Sajdah; To hang a piece of cloth around the head or the shoulders such that both the ends are hanging; To fold the sleeves more than half the forearm; To perform Salaah whilst in an extreme urge to relieve oneself or release wind; For males to tie a knot in the hair; To click the fingers; To interlock the fingers of both hands; To place the hands on the hips;
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To sit like a dog in between the two Sajdah or Qaeda: Men to place their arms on the ground during Sajdah: To perform Salaah in front of a person; To wrap oneself in a cloth such that the hands concealed and cannot be taken out; To wear a turban such that the upper part of the head is exposed; To cover the mouth and nose; To cough without any reason; To deliberately yawn, though there is no harm if it occurs naturally; To perform Salaah wearing clothes with pictures of living objects; To perform Salaah in a place where there is a picture of a living object on the ceiling, whether it is suspended or not, or on the place of Sajdah, in front of the person praying Salaah, behind him, to the right to the left or behind him, if it is hanging, placed erect or engraved onto the wall; To recite the Qur’an in reverse order; To finish Qiraa’at in Ruku; To proceed into Ruku, Sajdah etc and to return from these positions before the Imam. Moving the head and looking around and towards the sky; Discourse on the Witr Salaah Q What is the method of performing Witr Salaah? A Witr Salaah is performed in the same way as any other Salaah. However, in the third Rakaat after reciting Surah Fatiha and a Surah, one should raise his hands to his ears whilst saying Allaahu Akbar and again fold them underneath the navel. Then he should recite Dua-e-Qunoot and complete the Witr in the same manner as any other Salaah. The following is Dua-e goound
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“O Allah! We seek help from You and seek forgiveness from You. We bring faith upon You and we rely upon You. We praise You after every virtue and we are grateful to You, we are not ungrateful. We distance ourselves from those who commit sin. O Allah! Only You we worship and for You we pray Salaah, perform Sajdah and we are dependent on Your mercy. We are fearful of Your punishment. Indeed Your punishment is for the disbelievers. ” Q What should a person recite if he does not know this Dua? A He should recite the following: “O Allah! My Master, give us virtue in this world and in the hereafter and save us from the fire of Hell.” Q What is the ruling for a person who does not recite Dua-e-Qunoot? A If a person does not recite it deliberately then he will have to repeat the Witr Salaah and if he misses it unintentionally then he will have to perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end. Q What is the ruling for a person who forgets to recite Dua-e- Qunoot and he remembers whilst in the position of Ruku? A If he remembers in Ruku that he forgot to recite Dua-e-Qunoot, then he should not stand back up or recite it in the Ruku but perform Sajda-e-Sahw at the end. 52
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Discourse on Sunnah and Nafl Salaah Q How many Salaah are classed as Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah? A The following are Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah: The two Sunnah of Fajr; Four Rakaat before the Fard of Zohar and two Rakaat after: Two Rakaat after the Fard of Magrib; Two Rakaat after the Fard of Isha; Four Rakaat before the Fard of Jumu’ah and four Rakaat after. These Sunnah are also known as Sunan-ul-Huda. Q How many Salaah are classed as Sunnat-e-Gair Mu’akkadah? A The following are Sunnat-e-Gair Mu’akkadah: The four Rakaat before the Fard of the Asr Salaah; The four Rakaat before the Fard of the Isha Salaah; To recite four Rakaat instead of two after the Fard of Zohar; To recite four Rakaat instead of two after the Fard of Isha; Six Rakaat after the Fard of Magrib (Salat-ul-Awwabeen); The two Rakaat of Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid; The two Rakaat of Tahiyyat-ul-Wudu; The two Rakaat of Ishraaq Prayer; A minimum of two Rakaat and maximum of twelve for the Chaasht Prayer; A minimum of two Rakaat and maximum of eight for the Tahajjud Prayer; Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh; The Salaah of Istikharah; The Salaah recited to fulfil desires. These Sunnah are also known as Sunan-uz-Zawaa’id and sometimes known as Mustahab. Q Is it permissible to begin a Sunnah has commenced? when the Jamaa’at A Apart from the Sunnah of the Fajr Salaah, no other Sunnah is allowed to be performed once the Jamaa’at has commenced. If prayer 53

[7:45 PM, 9/19/2020] +44 7448 065141: one is certain that he will be able to participate with the Jamaa’at even in Qaeda-e-Akhirah for the Fajr Salaah, then he pray the Sunnah away from the rows of the should congregation. Q When is it impermissible to perform Nafl Salaah? A It is impermissible to perform any kind of Salaah during sunrise, sunset and midday. However, if a person has not performed the Asr Salaah of that day, then he is allowed to do so during sunset. From the break of dawn to sunrise, one is not allowed to recite any Nafl such as after entering the Masjid or performing Wudu apart from the two Sunnah of the Fajr Salaah. Between the Asr and Magrib Salaah, one is not allowed to pray any sort of Nafl Salaah. Nafl Salaah is Makrooh during the Khutbah and before the Eid Salaah, regardless of whether they are performed at home, in the Eid-Gah or the Masjid. To perform Nafl Salaah after the Eid Salaah is also Makrooh on the condition that it is recited in the Masjid or the Eid-Gah as there is no harm in performing it at home. Q Is a person allowed to recite Nafl Salaah in the sitting position? A One is allowed to recite Nafl Salaah in the sitting position although it is more virtuous to stand up and recite it when one has the capability to do so. Q How should a person perform Ruku and Sajdah when performing a Nafl Salaah in the sitting position? A When performing Ruku, the forehead should be parallel to the front of the knees and the bottom should not be lifted as it is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi to do so. The Sajdah should be performed in the same way as one does when perform Salaah in the standing position. Tahiyyat-ul-Wudu It has been recorded in Sahih Muslim that the Beloved Prophet once said, “Whosoever performs Wudu, fulfilling all its rights and
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performs two Rakaat Nafl Salaah, then Paradise shall become Waiih for him. “The Ishraaq Prayer It has been recorded in Jami ‘at-Tirmithi that the Beloved Prophet O once said,” Whosoever performs the Fajr Salaah with Jamaa’at and engages himself in worship until the sun rises, thereafter performs two Rakaat Nafl Salaah, then he shall get the reward of a complete Hajj and Umrah. The Chaasht Prayer This Salaah is Mustahab and it comprises of a minimum of two Rakaat and a maximum of twelve. It has been recorded in Tirmithi and Ibn-e-Majah that the Noble Prophet once said, “If a person makes it a habit to perform the two Rakaat Chaasht Salaah, then Allah will forgive all his sins even if they are equal to the foam that forms in the sea. ” The Tahajjud Prayer Tahajjud should be performed after the Isha Salaah on awakening and it ends at the break of dawn. It consists of a minimum of two Rakaat and a maximum of eight has been transmitted from the Holy Prophet. Many benefits and rewards have been mentioned in the Hadith regarding this Salaah. It has been recorded in Sunan an-Nasa’ee and the Sunan of Ibn-e-Majah that the Prophet & once said, “Whosoever wakes up during the night, awakens his family and both perform two Rakaat Tahajjud, then they shall be written amongst those who remember Allah in abundance. ”
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Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh There are countless rewards in Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh. Some scholars bave stated that only those who exhibit slackness in religion shall neglect it even after knowing its rewards. It has been mentioned in the Hadith, that the Prophet told Hazrat Abbas, “O uncle! If it is possible for you, then perform Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh everyday, if not then every Friday, if not then once every month. If this is not possible then once every year and even if this is difficult then once in your lifetime. ” The method of performing this Salaah is mentioned in the Sunan of Tirmithi on the authority of Hazrat Abdullah bin Mubarak 8. After Takbeer-e-Tehrima, one should recite Thanaa and thereafter recite the following Tasbeeh fifteen times: “Glorified is Allah and all praise is for Allah. There is no God but Allah and Allah is the greatest. ” He should continue by reciting Ta’awwuz, Tasmiyyah, Surah Fatiha and a Surah followed by the aforementioned Tasbeeh ten times. He should then proceed into Ruku and recite the Tasbeeh ten times. He should then return from Ruku and after ‘Allaahumma Rabbanaa wa lakal Hamd’, recite the Tasbeeh ten times. He should then proceed into Sajdah and recite this Tasbeeh ten times. After returning from Sajdah, he should recite the Tasbeeh another ten times before proceeding into the second Sajdah. In the second Sajdah, the Tasbeeh will also be recited ten times. The full four Rakaat should be completed in this manner. In Ruku and Sajdah, the Tasbeeh should be recited after ‘Subhaana Rabbiyal’ Ażeem and “Subhaana Rabbiy al-A’laa respectively.
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The Salaah to fulfil desires It has been recorded in Sunan Abu Dawood that Hazrat Huthaife * narrates, “Whenever the Beloved Prophet e encountered a problem, then he would perform two or four Rakaat.” It has been mentioned in a Hadith that after Surah Fatiha, Ayat-ul-Kursi should be recited three times in the first Rakaat, Surah Ikhlaas in the second, Surah Falaq in the third and Surah Naas in the fourth Rakaat only once. The scholars have stated that we have recited this Salaah at times of need and our desires were fulfilled.ild ids gnimmohsq lo boilfont Discourse on the Taraweeh Prayer to vtivorlus ods no ii Q Is Taraweeh classed as Sunnah or Nafl? A Taraweeh is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah for both males and females. One is not allowed to miss it. Q How many Rakaat are there in Taraweeh? A Taraweeh is composed of twenty Rakaat. Q What is the wisdom behind the number of Rakaat in Taraweeh being twenty? A The wisdom is that the Sunnah perfects the Fard and Wajib prayers. During the day, the Fard and Wajib Salaah amount to twenty Rakaat. Therefore, it is more appropriate that there are twenty Rakaat in Taraweeh so that the number of Sunnah and those which are perfected by these meaning the Fard and Wajib Rakaat are equal.

Q How should the twenty Rakaat of Taraweeh be performed? A The twenty Rakaat should be performed in sets of two and to sit after every four Rakaat for a duration it takes to pray them Mustahab. Q What kind of an intention should be made for Taraweeh? A One should say, “I have made the intention to recite the Rakaat Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (The Muqtadi
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should also include ‘behind this Imam’) for the sake of Allah. facing the Qibla, Allaahu Akbar “. o When sitting in the interval between the four Rakaat, should one remain silent or pray? A Itis his own choice whether to remain silent or pray any Dua. The following Dua is commonly recited:” Glorified is the Owner of the Kingdom of the earth and the heavens. Glorified is the possessor of honor, magnificence, awe, power, greatness and omnipotence. Glorified is the Sovereign, the Living. Who does not sleep or die. O the All Glorious and Holy One, our lord and the Lord of the Angels and the Spirit! “Q What is the ruling for performing Taraweeh with Jamaa’at? A It is Sunnat-e-Kifayah to perform the Taraweeh with Jamaa’at , meaning that if the Jamaa’at in the Masjid has not taken place, then all shall be sinful. If some people have performed it in the Masjid with Jamaa’at, then the liability is taken off the rest of the people. Q What is the ruling for completing the Qur’an during Taraweeh? A To complete the Qur’an once during the whole month of Ramadan in Taraweeh is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah and it is virtuous to finish it twice. To complete it three times holds a greater blessing on the condition that it is not overburdening the Muqtadi. However, this shall not be taken into consideration when completing the Qur’an only once. Q What is the ruling to perform the Taraweeh in the sitting position without a valid reason ? 58

 

 

 

 

 

 

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